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Civil War History

Civil War History VOCAB WORDS

WordDefinition
Sectionalism Sectionalism in 1800s America refers to the different lifestyles, social structures, customs, and political values of the North and the South(A loyalty to a certain region)
Fugitive Someone that runs away (from a slave owner to the north from the south)
Secede When the southern states chose to leave the United States and to no longer be a part of the country
Abstain Prevent someone from doing or enjoying something
Popular Sovereignty People hold the final authority in all matters of government, they can vote
Border ruffians Pro-slavery activists(People who fight for some kind of social change) from slave state of Missouri in 1854 to 1860 crossed the state border into Kansas Territory to force the acceptance of slavery there
Arsenal Place where weapons and military equipment are stored or made
Secession formal separation from an alliance or federation
States rights the right of states to limit the power of the federal government
Border state The border between the north and south
Blockade An attempt to stop people and supplies from going in or out of a port
Offensive Actively attacking someone.
Rebel A nickname given to people in the South supporting the Confederate States
Yankee A nickname for people from the North as well as Union soldiers
Blockade runner Ships used by the Confederates to break Union ships
Ironclad New technology developed during the Civil War- warships covered in iron plates- made wooden ships
Casualty People wounded, killed , or missing in action during a war
Emancipate Freedom from slavery
Ratify Sign a consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid
Habeas corpus A court order that requires police to explain why they are arresting and holding a person
Draft Required military service
Bounty Money given to soldiers who were willing to fight, sometimes up to $300
Greenback Name for Union paper money not backed by gold or silver.
Inflation A general and progressive increase in prices
Entrenched Firmly established and difficult or unlikely to change; ingrained
Total war A new way of conducting war appeared during the Civil War. Instead of focusing only on military targets, armies conducting total war destroyed homes and crops to demoralize and undermine the civilian base of the enemy’s war effort
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Created by: Parthiv