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EOC Review

Random Terms for EOC Exam

QuestionAnswer
The movement against the sale of alcohol resulted in a disrespect for the law and a rise in organized crime is known as? Prohibition
This policy was used by Americans to prevent Communism from spreading further not overturning it where it existed. Containment
What industry, in the early 20th century, allowed for increased movement of goods to markets, westward settlements, and a better communication Railroads
In 1948 this plan extended efforts to prevent communist takeovers by providing economic aid to war torn countries in Europe. Marshall Plan
This policy regulated the amount of goods that a consumer could obtain during the World Wars. Rationing
What group, which emerged during Reconstruction and was focused on racial prejudice, saw a resurgence during the 1920s as it turned its attention to immigrants? Ku Klux Klan
She created the Hull House in Chicago, a settlement house designed to provide slum neighborhoods with education, and services Jane Addams
This was created by FDR to oversee and protect bank deposits Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Leader of the Rough Riders during the Spanish American War, the Construction of the Panama Canal and Big Stick Diplomacy Teddy Roosevelt
Passed in 1957 to increase African American voting & in 1964 to prohibit discrimination in business engaged in interstate commerce. Civil Rights Act
Overuse of the environment and drought conditions led to many leaving the Great Plains and migrating to California in the hipes of jobs and food. The Dust Bowl
What group was required to be relocated to internment camps by Executive Order 9066. Japanese Americans
During the 1920s there was a movement of African-Americans to the North for the promise of jobs they had lost in the south. Great Migration
What was the title of Reagan’s supply-side economic program using tax cuts, reducing the government size and spending. Reagonomics
Which wealthy industrialist wrote the Gospel of Wealth where he encouraged philanthropy among wealthy industrialists to give money back to society. The Man of Steel Andrew Carnegie
Term used during the Cold War to describe when many were accused of being suspected communists. McCarthyism
He organized the migrant farm workers union to defend Hispanic migrant workers. Cesar Chavez
This program was created by FDR and consisted of relief, recovery and reform New Deal
This political crisis began with a failed break-in of the Democratic headquarters and ended with Nixon’s resignation. Watergate
At the end of WWI President Wilson proposed this list of principles aimed at guiding peace negotiations at the end of the war including the creation of the League of Nations. Wilson’s 14 Points
This amendment lowered the required voting age from 21 to 18 in response to protests and in support of the young people who served in Vietnam. 26th Amendment
What three political reforms, in the Progressive Era, that were designed to end corruption and make state governments more accountable to the people. Initiative, Referendum, and Recall
Event that led to the U.S. and the Soviet Union to the brink of nuclear war. Cuban Missile Crisis
Which amendment provided that members of the U.S. Senate would be directly elected by the voters? 17th Amendment
These groups often controlled elected officials in city governments. While some practices led to corruption, they sometimes were helpful in helping immigrants find jobs and housing (Boss Tweed) Political Machines
Which President believed the best way to prevent war was to follow a policy of “Peace through Strength” Ronald Reagan
This group was instrumental in the Pacific Theatre by using a code that the Japanese could not break.. Navajo Code Talkers
Conflict in the 1960s during the Cold War in which the United States eventually decided to end hostilities after the fall of Saigon Vietnam
Newspaper writers who would exaggerate reports in order to influence political decisions. Encouraged the Spanish-American War Yellow Journalism
Landmark Supreme Court Case that decided that “Separate but Equal” was unconstitutional and made segregation in public schools illegal. Brown vs. Board of Education
Allied invasion of Europe on June 6th, 1944 began the downfall of Adolf Hitler’s Nazi regime and the end of WWII in Europe. D-Day
Appointed to the Supreme Court in 1981 by then President Ronald Reagan. She was the first woman on the Supreme Court Sandra Day O’Connor
This man was the commander of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I. He spent time in El Paso, Texas. John J. Pershing
Result of the Manhattan Project, this weapon was tested at Los Alamos, New Mexico and dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in WWII. The Atomic Bomb
The term for a policy aimed at extending the political, economic, and cultural control of the United States over areas beyond its boundaries. Ex. Panama Canal Imperialism
Cold War conflict in the 1950s which aimed to “contain” communism in former Japanese possessions. Ended with a split nation. Korean War
This woman was appointed by President Barack Obama and became the first Latino on the Supreme Court. Sonia Sotomayor
Co-Founder of Microsoft Corporation and one of the world’s richest men. Spurred the rise of the personal computer. Bill Gates
African American Students who attended Central High in 1957 and had to be escorted to class by the United States Army after desegregation. Little Rock Nine
Created by: jrubalcaba