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U.S. History Final 2

US History Terms for Second Semester Final

TermDefinition
FDR’s main goals in fighting the depression relief, recovery, and reform
Years for the Great Depression 1930’s
Causes of the Great Depression drought and Dust Bowl, overproduction of goods, consumer debt, stock market crash
New Deal a series of laws and programs to help end the Great Depression
Shanty Towns Hoovervilles or “the slums”
What event brought an end to the Great Depression? WWII
Roosevelt’s fireside chats impact Informal radio broadcasts made FDR seem compassionate and responsive
Why did voters vote for Roosevelt over Hoover Warmth and promise of a New Deal
Why was the New Deal a turning point in U. S. history? Used government programs to improve the lives of citizens
Holocaust The violent deaths of a large number of people
How many Jews were killed during the Holocaust 6 million
Other groups that were killed during the Holocaust Gypsy and Homosexuals
What religious group was killed by Germans in Concentration Camps? Jehovah's Witnesses
Under German rule, before Concentration Camps, where were Jews forced to live? Ghettos
Genocide Killing members of a group and preventing births within the group
What happened to Hitler in the end? He committed suicide
In addition to the gas chambers, how did Nazi’s kill off the Jews? starvation
During the Holocaust, how were families separated? Men, women, children, and elderly all separated from one another
Holocaust and ​annihilation​ gas chambers, gun massacre, beaten to death
What is the name for the laws that began to take away the rights of German Jews? Nuremberg Laws
Democracy Government by the people
Fascism Governmental system led by a dictator having complete power
Blitzkrieg A form of a military attack
Kamikaze Japanese suicide pilots
Axis Powers Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Why did United States decide to stay isolated from foreign affairs when WWII started? Citizens felt they were dragged into WWI, citizens felt they should concentrate on problems at home, and Congress passed laws that prevented the U.S. from taking sides
Pearl Harbor events occurred Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941. Crippled the Pacific fleet. Approx. 3,000 Americans were killed
Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Germany? Germany invaded Poland
What event caused the U.S. to enter WWII? Japan bombed Pearl Harbor
Under what plan did the U. S. ​provided​ ​massive​ ​financial​ ​aid​ ​to​ ​rebuild​ ​European economies​ ​and​ ​prevent​ ​the​ ​spread​ ​of​ ​communism​? Marshall Plan
Capitalist, Communist, Dictatorial, and Socialist meanings and which countries follow which ideals? Capitalism (the U.S.)
Baby Boom Affected the demographics of the U.S. society, refers to large numbers of babies born from 1945-1962, result of men returning after WWII
​Similarities​ ​between​ ​the​ ​US​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union during​ ​the​ ​Cold​ ​War​ had political and economic ideologies, were competing in arms and space race, formed military alliances
Cold War time period 1945-1991
Cuban Missile Crisis The 1962 confrontation between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that almost escalated into a third world war
​A​ ​state​ ​of​ ​tension​ ​between​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union​ ​without​ ​actual fighting​ cold war
​The​ ​war​ ​that​ ​created​ ​divisiveness​ ​among​ ​Americans​ ​throughout​ ​the​ ​1960s Vietnam War
How did women help in WWII Among others, joined the military, went to the workforce in factories, and became nurses
What kind of policy did ​Martin​ ​L.​ ​King,​ ​Jr.,​ ​and​ ​other members​ ​of​ ​SCLC​ ​encouraged​? nonviolent protest
Freedom Riders They brought a federal ban on segregation in all interstate travel facilities
Malcolm X Appealed to many African Americans’ anger and frustration over a lack of social and economic power and preached a militant approach to civil rights
Sit-Ins Civil rights activists used this technique to force segregated establishments (businesses) to serve African Americans
Civil Rights and Martin Luther King, Jr. Many had long been deprived of their civil rights and MLK Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech during the March on Washington in August 1963, appealed to African Americans
​Vietnamization​ Term created by President Nixon to end U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War
McCarthyism Term given for the mass fear and hysteria about possible communists in the U.S. after WWII
The​ ​Highway​ ​Act​ ​of​ ​1956 Created 41,000 miles of expressways to connect major American cities stimulating the American economy, shortening travel time between cities, encouraging urban growth along major travel arteries and gave us independence
​The​ ​two​ ​nations​ ​divided​ ​at​ ​the​ ​38th​ ​parallel north and south korea
​Watergate​ Based on the outcome and subsequent resignation of President Nixon, many have used the scandal to point out the success of the Constitution as a living document that applies to all Americans
How did ​Truman​ ​justified​ ​dropping​ ​the​ ​atomic​ ​bomb​ ​on​ ​Japan​? Didn’t want to lose anymore American troops by launching a direct land invasion of Japan
​The​ ​Manhattan​ ​Project The American development of an atomic bomb
Created by: KarinaAhumada