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WWII Vocabulary term

US History WWII vocabulary terms

TermDefinition
Totalitarian characteristic of a political system in which the government exercises complete control over its citizens’ lives.
Fascism a political philosophy that advocates a strong, centralized, nationalistic government headed by a powerful dictator.
Communism an economic and political system based on one-party government and state ownership of property.
Nazim the political philosophy—based on extreme nationalism, racism, and militaristic expansionism—that Adolf Hitler put into practice in Germany from 19
Neutrality Act a series of laws enacted in 1935 and 1936 to prevent U.S. arms sales and loans to nations at war.
Appeasement the granting of concessions to a hostile power in order to keep the peace
Non Aggression Pact an agreement in which two nations promise not to go to war with each other.
Blitzkrieg from the German word meaning “lightning war,” a sudden, massive attack with combined air and ground forces, intended to achieve a quick victory.
Luftwaffe German Forces
RAF Royal Air force
Holocaust he systematic murder—or genocide— of Jews and other groups in Europe by the Nazis before and during World War II.
Kristallnacht "night of broken glass,” a name given to the night of November 9, 1938, when gangs of Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues in Germany.
Genocide the deliberate and systematic extermination of a particular racial, national, or religious group.
Ghetto a city neighborhood in which a certain minority group is pressured or forced to live.
Concentration camp a prison camp operated by Nazi Germany in which Jews and other groups considered to be enemies of Adolf Hitler were starved while doing slave labor or were murdered.
Axis Powers he group of nations—including Germany, Italy, and Japan—that opposed the Allies in World War II.
Atlantic Charter a 1941 declaration of principles in which the United States and Great Britain set forth their goals in opposing the Axis powers.
Office of Price Administration (OPA) an agency established by Congress to control inflation during World War II.
War Production Board (WPB) an agency established during World War II to coordinate the production of military supplies by U.S. industries.
rationing a restriction of people’s right to buy unlimited amounts of particular foods and other goods, often implemented during wartime to ensure adequate supplies for the military.
D-Day a name given to June 6, 1944—the day on which the Allies launched an invasion of the European mainland during World War II.
Battle of the Bulge a month-long battle of World War II, in which the Allies succeeded in turning back the last major German offensive of the war.
V-E Day a name given to May 8, 1945, “Victory in Europe Day” on which General Eisenhower’s acceptance of the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany marked the end of World War II in Europe
V-J Day Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945.
Battle of Midway a World War II battle that took place in early June 1942. The Allies decimated the Japanese fleet at Midway, an island lying northwest of Hawaii. The Allies then took the offensive in the Pacific and began to move closer to Japan.
kamikaze involving or engaging in the deliberate crashing of a bomb-filled airplane into a military target.
Hiroshima City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War
Nagasaki Japanese city devastated during World War II when the United States dropped the second atomic bomb on Aug 8th, 1945.
Nuremberg trials the court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War II, in which Nazi leaders were tried for war crimes.
Core Congress of Racial Equality; dedicated to nonviolent protests; desegregated defense related jobs and armed forces
interment camp a prison camp for the confinement of enemy aliens, prisoners of war, political prisoners, etc.
Created by: hubi yaya