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LMHS AMH Chapter 5

Chapter 5 vocabulary/terms to know

The Great Plains the grassland extending through the west
Treaty of Fort Laramie The treaty in which the Sioux agreed to live on a reservation along the Missouri River
Massacre at Sand Creek massacre of over 150 Cheyenne; mostly women and children
The Bozeman Trail Trail where the Sioux ambushed Captain William J. Fetterman and his men. "The Fetterman Massacre" location.
Sitting Bull Sioux chief who led his people by the strength of his character and purpose. Famous for killing General Custer at the Battle of Little Big Horn.
Colonel Custer Despite other successes, he is most remembered for his defeat and death at the Battle of Little Bighorn.
Assimilation a plan under which Native Americans would give up their beliefs and way of life and become part of the white culture.
Dawes Act Act passed in 1887 aimed to "Americanize" the Native Americans. It broke up the reservations and gave some land to individual Native Americans.
Battle of Wounded Knee The 7th Calvary (Custer's old group) rounded up 350 starving Sioux and took them to a camp at Wounded Knee Creek. The next day, the soldiers demanded that the Native Americans give up their weapons; 300 unarmed Native Americans were slaughtered.
longhorns sturdy, short-tempered breeds (cattle) accustomed to the dry grasslands of southern spain.
Chisholm Trail the major cattle route from San Antonio through Oklahoma to Kansas
long drive the overland transport of cattle
Homestead Act Act passed by congress offering 160 acres of land free to any citizen or intended citizen who was head of a household.
exoduster African Americans who moved from the post-Reconstruction South to Kansas
Soddy a dugout, sod home on the prairie.
John Deere invented a steel plow
Cyrus McCormick invented a reaping machine
Morrill Act gave federal land to the states to help finance agricultural colleges.
The Hatch Act established agricultural experiment stations to inform farmers of new developments
bonanaza farms enormous single-crop spreads of 15,000-50,000 acres
Greenbakcs paper money issued after the Civil War that could not be exchanged for gold or silver
Oliver Hudson Kelley started the Patrons of Husbandry (known as THE GRANGE)
The Grange provided a social outlet and an educational forum for isolated farm families.
Farmer's Alliances organizations which educated people about topics such as lower interest rates on loans and gov't control over railroads and banks.
Populism the movement of the people- the people's party. (the party of the farmers).
Panic of 1893 Caused by rapidly expansion of Railroads. They went bankrupt which caused a run on the bank and eventually a DEPRESSION
bimetallism a monetary system in which the government would give citizens either gold or silver in exchange for paper currency or checks (the type the farmer's favored)
gold standard backing dollars solely with gold
William McKinley 1896 Presidential Candidate of the Republican party. He won. Supporter of a GOLD standard
William Jennings Bryan Democratic party nominee for the 1896 election. He had the support of the populists, but did not win.
Created by: MsBarnette