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Gr 4 History Ch 10

Gr 4 History Ch 10 Chapter Checkup Questions

QuestionAnswer
What king of England angered the colonists by taking away their rights as Englishmen? King George III
What law that added to the cost of newspapers, documents, etc., was thought unfair by the colonists? the Stamp Act
What is a tax? money that people pay to help run the government
What is a representative? a person chosen by the people to make decisions for them
What is a massacre? the cruel killing of many people at one time
How many colonists were killed in the Boston Massacre? five
Who was Crispus Attucks? a black patriot killed in the Boston Massacre
How did the colonists respond when King George III tried to force them to accept British tea? They smashed open the chests and threw them into Boston Harbor.
What event called when colonists smashed open the chests of British tea and threw them into Boston Harbor? the Boston Tea Party
Name the group of representatives who met to decide what to do about England's unfair treatment of the colonies. Continental Congress
Who said, "Give me liberty or give me death"? Patrick Henry
What were the colonists who wanted to be free from England's rule called? patriots
What were the colonists who remained loyal to England called? Loyalists or Tories
Name the soldiers who said they could be ready to fight at a minute's notice. Minutemen
What did Paul Revere and William Dawes do? rode across the countryside to warn of a British attack
What happened at Lexington and Concord? the 1st battle of the War for Independence took place
What is a trench? a hole or ditch dug in the ground to protect soldiers from gunfire
Name the commander of the American army during the War for Independence George Washington
During which battle did the colonists show the British that the Americans would not be easy to defeat? the Battle of Bunker Hill
What important fort did Ethan Allen and the "Green Mountain Boys" capture? Fort Ticonderoga
Who were the Hessians? German soldiers who fought for England
When was the Declaration of Independence signed? July 4, 1776
Near what city did Washington and his men cross an icy river to surprise the Hessians at Christmastime? Trenton
On what day did George Washington present the new American flag to Congress? June 14, 1777 (Flag Day)
What is often called the turning point of the War for Independence? the Battle of Saratoga
Where did General Washington's army spend the harsh winter of 1777-1788? Valley Forge
Whose bold adventures captured British forts in the Northwest Territory for America? George Rogers Clark
What Scotsman was determined to help the American Navy be successful? John Paul Jones
What was the name of John Paul Jones's ship? Bonhomme Richard
In John Paul Jones's most famous victory, what ship did Jones capture? Serapis
Which general led the British army near the end of the war and eventually surrendered to Washington? General Lord Cornwallis
When the war shifted to the Southern Colonies, who was sent to lead the American forces? Nathanael Greene
What treaty ended the War for Independence? the Treaty of Paris
Created by: mbrennan262