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C&P Section 3

Enforcing Law and Order

QuestionAnswer
Who passed an act to create a force of paid watchmen to patrol the streets of London in 1663? Charles II
What were the paid watchmen in London known as? The Charleys, because they were made compulsory by Charles II
Name two famous thief takers. Charles Hitchen (1675-1727) and Jonathan Wild (1683-1725)
Who set up the Bow Street Runners and when? Henry and John Fielding in the second half of the eighteenth century
When was the Metropolitan Police set up? 1829
When was it made compulsory to set up formal police forces across the country? 1856
Name three events that convinced people that a formal police force was needed. The French Revolution of 1789, the Peterloo Massacre of 1819 and the Newport Rising of 1839
How many police officers were there in 1900? 46,800
How many police forces were there across England and Wales in 1900? 243
There were two key acts in the twentieth century that significantly reduced the number of police forces in England and Wales. Name the first. How many forces were there as a result? The first was the 1946 Police Act and reduced the number of police forces in England and Wales to 117
There were two key acts in the twentieth century that significantly reduced the number of police forces in England and Wales. Name the second. How many forces were there as a result? The second was the 1964 Police Act and reduced the number of police forces in England and Wales to 47
How many police forces are there in England and Wales today? 43
When was the National Police Training College set up? 1947
When were the first female police officers? 1919
What percentage of police officers are female today? 29%
When were the Neighbourhood Watch Schemes introduced? 1982
When were Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) introduced? 2002
When was the DNA national database set up? 1995
Created by: DylDZ-GCSE