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Social Studies 7


James Monroe Was the last of the revolutionary leaders whose presidency was known as the “Era of Good Feelings Missouri compromise was a slave debate known for his honesty Monroe Doctrine ran unopposed for his second term American system cumberland RD Erie Canal
Monroe Doctrine Monroe’s principle of policy that stated that if any external power attempted to intervene in American politics would be met with a hostile US 1823 “Era of Good Feelings” Missouri Compromise James Monroe Spain + Britain
"Era of Good Feelings" A phrase coined by a Boston newspaper to describe the presidency of James Monroe who attempted to establish a sense of national unity. 1817-1824- economic prosperity Federalist party falls Missouri Compromise Monroe Doctrine American System
Missouri Compromise A settlement of a dispute between slave and free states 1820 Missouri was admitted as a slave state Maine was added as a free state Helped keep the country together for 30 more years free states above the M. Line unconstitutional by Dred Scott case
American System A policy of promoting economic growth by developing internal improvements proposed by Henry Clay under Monroe's presidency 1816-1828 infrastructure- national road and Erie canal Era of Good Feelings Bettered the US economy
Erie Canal A canal that ran east- west, Albany to Buffalo covering 363 miles (1817-1825) built to increase trade in Appalachia improved transportation aided in the growth of the port of New York City
National Road Also known as the Cumberland Road- was the 1st major improved highway in the US, built by the US federal government and finished in 1837 American System James Monroe and Henry Clay 620 miles long
Andrew Jackson Was the 7th president of the United States who served from 1829-1837 founder of Democratic party populism spoils system Age of Jackson terrible temper either loved or hated him Indian removal act Trail of tears
Indian Removal Act of 1830 An act proposed by Andrew Jackson and passed by congress in 1830 Allowed the president to remove Native Americans to federal territory Leads to the removal of Choctaw,Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chicksaw Natives a.a.r.o westward expanion Trail of Tears
Trail of Tears The route along which the US government forcefully removed Native Americans from their lands into Reservations Indian Removal Act- Andrew Jackson 4,000 of the 15,000 Cherokees died between 1838-1839 Hunger exhaustion and disease racism
Whig Party An American political party that formed in 1830's to opposed Andrew Jackson and the democrats stood for national bank, protective tariffs, federal aid for infrastructure ( tax on imports and exports) Jacksonian Age replaced the federalists
Populism is a political doctrine (belief) that supports the rights and powers of the common working class people in their strugglewith the privileged elite Andrew Jackson- Old Hickory Jacksonian Democracy The age of Jackson Spoils System
Spoils System Was a practice of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power populism Andrew Jackson Jacksonian Democracy Jacksonian Age
Jacksonian Democracy A movement for "more" democracy in the American government, led by Andrew Jackson he promoted greater rights for the common man opposed power holding wealth spoils system Old Hickory Populism General instead of president
Plantation South The agricultural economic system of southern states in the United States dependent on slave labor Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Slave codes Horrible working conditions Spirituals Heavy labor- profit over conditions Cotton is King
Spirituals Religious folk songs that blended biblical themes with the realities of slavery Plantation South These offered hope for a slave Underground Railroad- spirituals also sent messages of escape Slave codes Horrible living and working conditions
Underground Railroad A network of secret routes and safe houses established in the United States during the early to mid 19th cen. used by African American slaves to escape into free states Escape the Plantation South, slave codes Harriet Tubman Spirituals Abolitionist
Created by: mbarkley



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