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DWR Section 7
Rebuilding the Country After 1945
|When was the Beveridge Report published?
|1st December 1942
|Who published the Beveridge Report?
|Sir William Beveridge
|What were the Five Giants?
|Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor, Idleness
|Which Acts were introduced by the Labour government to combat Want?
|1945 Family Allowances Act, 1946 National Insurance Act, 1948 National Assistance Act
|Which Acts were introduced by the Labour government to combat Disease?
|1946 National Health Service Act which came into operation in 1948
|Which Acts were introduced by the Labour government to combat Ignorance?
|1944 Education Act
|Which Acts were introduced by the Labour government to combat Squalor?
|1946 Housing Production Executive, 1946 New Towns Act, 1947 Towns and Country Planning Act
|Which Acts were introduced by the Labour government to combat Idleness?
|Nothing really lol
|How many copies of the Beveridge Report were sold within two weeks?
|635,000 copies sold
|According to a public opinion poll taken two weeks after the publication of the Beveridge Report, how many people had heard of the report?
|According to a public opinion poll taken two weeks after the publication of the Beveridge Report, how many people wanted the report implemented?
|In January 1948, did BMA (British Medical Association) doctors vote for or against joining the new NHS?
|By 5th July 1948, what percentage of the population had signed up with the NHS?
|During the first year, how much had the NHS cost?
|How much more than expected did the NHS cost in the first year?
|For what was a charge introduced by the Labour government in 1951?
|Some dental treatment and medicine
|In response to the medical charge introduced by the Labour government in 1951, who resigned in protest?
|Aneurin Bevan, the Minister of Health and the person responsible for the introduction of the NHS
|What was the school leaving age increased to in 1947?
|15 years of age
|What change was also made to the education system in 1947?
|Education became free
|What was the exam called that determined which school a child would go to?
|The 11 plus exam
|What school would a child go to as a result of the 11 plus exam?
|Pass; Grammar school, Fail: Technical or Modern school
|How many prefab homes did the government intend to build over the next 10 years?
|500,000 prefab homes
|How many homes were built between 1945-1951?
|1.2 million homes
|Approximately, how many prefab houses were built between 1945-1951?
|£2700 million compensation was paid out for what?
|Nationalisation of industries
|Which industries were nationalised and when?
|Coal in 1947, Electricity in 1947, Gas in 1948, Railways in 1948, Road Haulage
|Who won the 1951 General Election?
|Who became Prime Minister in 1951?
|Until when were Labour's post-war changes kept in place?
|Did unemployment rise or fall between 1946 and 1950?
|By 1951, what percentage of men and women worked in nationalised industries?
|10% of men and women
|By 1951, what percentage of the economy was owned by the state?
|20% of the economy