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CG6:Local Government

What are states subdivided into? Counties
What constitution established 8 counties? Georgia constitution of 1777
How many counties does Georgia have? 159
The most populated city is what? The county government headquartered
Counties are governed by either? Elected board of commissioners or a Single elected commissioner
What is the Sheriff? Individual who is responsible for enforce the law, maintaining the peace, and serving as the jailer for a county government
What is the Tax Commissioner? Individual who is responsible for receiving tax returns, maintaining tax records, and paying taxes for a county government
What is the County Commissioner/Board of Commissioners? Power to adopt ordinances, oversee the daily operations of a county’s government
What is the Clerk of the Superior Court? Primary record keeper for the county
What is the Clerk of the Probate Court? An individual who oversees property deeds, marriage licenses, wills and supervises elections in a county government
What was the original purpose of Georgia’s counties? To determine what areas state legislators
A Georgia county government may do what? collect property taxes, run local elections, build and repair roads, provide car license plates, and administer welfare programs
How is a city formed? General Assembly grants a charter that states that city’s boundaries and form of government
In Georgia, most city governments are led by what? A mayor and a city council but some are led by a city manager
What is the purpose of the city government? To provide local services either not handled by the county government.
What are the main differences between city and county governments? Cities created by charter, counties created by state constitution, Services provided, and Form of government
Why is a special purpose government created? To meat a specific need
Special purpose governments can also be established in a city to advance what? Economic development
How are special purpose governments funded? By loans or user fees
When was Georgia's last Constitution? 1983
How we get our state money? Sales taxes, Federal Grants, Property taxes, and Special taxes and fees.
What is a Sales taxes? Paid on things that people buy and consume. State government imposes a 4% sales tax - local government add another 3% to 4%
What is a Federal Grants? Local governments can apply to fund education, repair roads, or develop areas for businesses in the communities.
What is a Property taxes? Taxes on the value of the buildings and land for a homeowner or business. BIGGEST SOURCE OF REVENUE
What is a Special taxes and fees ? An example of another tax is a tax on the value of a car or truck. An example of a fee is the registration and tag for a car or truck
Who has input of how much revenue is collect and how it is spent? Local citizens
What is the purpose of a budget? Details how much revenue should be available, how much the government plans to spend, and how the government plans to spend it
Can local citizens say how the money is spent? Yes, the budget is available for review
Created by: ltapley