Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Language Change

The study of historic change in language

What was the very first language spoken in the British Isles? Celtic
List two parts of the British Isles that the Romans captured England and Wales
What language did the British Isles use when the Romans took over? Latin
List two Brythonic languages which the modern English language has in it Celtic and Pictish
What caused the Germanic people to come to the UK? Large cultural vacuum left in the UK because of the Romans leaving
Name the three tribes of Germanic people Angles, Saxons and Jutes
When was Old English spoken? Around the 5th and 6th century
State one difference between Old English and Modern English Phonology
Which two letters from Old English were lost in the development of Modern English? Þ ('th' for definate article 'the') and ð ('eth' for common noun 'path')
List three examples of languages that Old English stole from Old French, Norse and Danish
Who invented Middle English and where was it first used? Geoffrey Chaucer in his work "The Canterbury Tales"
Name a language that began to creep from religious sources and remained a language of power in the Catholic Church Latin
When was the invasion of the French and what two things were happening to Latin at that time? 1066. The development of the ecclesiastical class pushing Latin into the language and Renaissance learning brought more Latin as well as Ancient Greek into English
Explain whether English or French survived as a language English triumphed as the language of England but the French lexis changed English
What's interesting about the names of animals in Anglo Saxon times and why was this the case? The names of the animals were Anglo Saxon, yet the meat produced from them were French. This is because the Anglo Saxons grew the animals and the French ate them
Define "Early Modern English" A well documented language of Shakespeare marked by some standardising spellings but some clear phonetic variation from modern English
When was the Renaissance period, what was so significant about it and why did it happen? Late 13th/ early 14th century, a period where forgotten texts covering all subjects were found. The Turks attempted to battle the Roman Empire, and they also sent across a lot of books
Besides the British Isles, name a continent that adopted English as their dialect East coast of North America
What officially established the standardising of spelling and why was this historically significant? The introduction of the printing press, which brought the publishing of books and letters went down massively from its original expensive price
List six external forces that continued to mould Modern English, where it was marked by standardisation from 1750 Development of international trade, development of the British Empire, British supremacy in the industry, World Wars in 20th century, burgeoning technology and influence of American English
What three things are involved in lexical change? Creation of new words, obsolescence of old words and changing morphology
Define "Coinages & Neologisms" Words created from scratch, often to do with technology
What are nonce words (not referring to paedophilia)? Similar to coinages, but don't linger and are only used once
Define "Borrowing/Loan Words" Direct stealing of words from other languages. English didn't borrow it though- they stole it!
What are eponyms? Words we get from a person or place, usually a thing's inventor or a place of invention
Define "Proprietary Names" Neologisms that start life as business or company name before transcending into everyday usage
What are acronyms? Words formed from the initials of other words, which is very popular in the armed forces
Define "Initialisms" String of initial letters which are pronounced individually, but still manages to get its meaning across
What is clipping? A longer word is shorn of extraneous morphemes and left shorter and more efficient
Define "Affixiation" Creating new words by adding affixes, usually bound morphemes to existing words
What is conversion? Words used in a different word class from its original
Created by: 13hored
Popular Linguistics sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards