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Unit 8- Civil War- 8

Key questions for standards

QuestionAnswer
Where were the boundaries between the North and the South? (8.72) Slave states/Free states
What were the geographical differences between the North and the South? (8.72) North- suited for industry South- suited for plantations/farming
How were the demographics different in the North and the South? (8.72) South- farmers and slaves North- industrialists
What do "agrarian" and "industrialist" mean and how do they apply to the North and the South in the Civil War? (8.72) Agrarians were farmers and usually southerners. Industrialists were people who worked in industry and were usually northerners
How did technology and industry affect the development of the different regions of the company? (8.73) Since industrialization was mainly in the North, which created jobs and population, they were more developed than the agrarian South.
How did geography affect the economic activity of the different regions of the country? (8.73) The South's land was more suited to farming, and the North was suited to industry and cities.
How did geography affect the growth of cities? (8.73) Since the South's land was more suitable for farming, there were fewer cities due to land being used for farming. The North was more suited for industrialization, which created jobs, population flocked to those areas.
How did human actions change the landscape and development of different regions of the country? (8.73 Deforestation, farming and mineral extraction. Shaped their economies, city growth, and population densities.
Who were the candidates in the election of 1860 and what party did they represent? (8.74) Republican- Abraham Lincoln Southern Democrat- John Breckenridge Democrat- Stephen Douglas Constitutionalist Union- John Bell
How did the candidates represent the sectional turmoil of the country? (8.74) They each had different views that reflected the regions they came from.
How did the election results reflect the sectional turmoil of the country? (8.74) The candidate that won in each state generally had similar views to most people in that state.
How was Tennessee divided over the issue of slavery and secession? (8.75) 4/1861 - East and Middle TN voted against secession. 6/1861 - Middle and West TN voted for secession and joined the Confederacy.
What role did Governor Harris play in the issue of slavery and secession? (8.75) Governor Harris was pro-secession and did not like the 1st vote, so he called for a 2nd vote.
What was the secession convention vote of 1861? (8.75) For Secession - West TN Against Secession - Middle and East TN
Explain anti-secession efforts in Tennessee. (8.75) Originally, middle and east TN voted to stay in the Union, but after the successful Confederate attack on Fort Sumter, middle TN changed to pro-secession in the second vote.
How was Scott County important on the issue of slavery and secession? (8.75) Scott County, TN supported the Union and did not agree with secession. Over 90 percent of voters in the county voted against secession. Scott Co. declared itself a"free and independent" state after the secession vote and volunteered for the Union army.
What was the meaning and importance of Lincoln's House Divided speech in 1858? (8.76) The US will become all-slave or all-free, the divided Union will not stand. Shows no preference for either.
What was the meaning and importance of Lincoln's First Inaugural Address in 1861? (8.76) He had no plan to interfere where slavery already existed, just its spread to the western United States, he wanted to prevent the Civil War to keep the US united.
What was the meaning and importance of the Gettysburg Address in 1863? (8.76) He viewed the Civil War as protecting democracy, it gave the US a "new birth of freedom".
What was the meaning and importance of the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863? (8.76) Freed all slaves in the areas at war with the union. (But not slave-owning states IN the union) They could fight for the Union army.
What was the meaning and importance of Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address in 1865? (8.76) Lincoln wanted a short end to the war, unless God willed it to continue to re-pay the debts of slavery. He saw the south as peacefully re-joining the union after the war.
What role did Ulysses S. Grant play in the Civil War? (8.77) Won major battles at Shiloh (TN), Vicksburg (MS), Chattanooga (TN), and Ft. Donelson (TN). Appointed to Lt. General by Lincoln in 1864.
What role did Jefferson Davis play in the Civil War? (8.77) President of the Confederacy from Mississippi. Argued against secession, but believed in state sovereignty, the right to secede.
What role did Robert E. Lee play in the Civil War? (8.77) From Virginia. After Fort Sumter, was offered the rank of Major General in the Union Army to defend Washington, but he refused. Named commander of the army of Northern Virginia in the Confederate Army.
What role did Stonewall Jackson play in the Civil War? (8.77) Lee's second in command of the Confederate army of Northern Virginia.
What role did Northern soldiers play in the Civil War? (8.77} Fought against the south and for local ideals.
What role did southern soldiers play in the Civil War? (8.77) Fought against the north and for local ideals.
What role did David Farragut play in the Civil War? (8.77) Born near Knoxville. Instrumental in controlling the Mississippi River and cutting the Confederacy in half.
What role did Nathan Bedford Forrest play in the Civil War? (8.77) Lt. General and cavalry commander in the Confederate army. Fought in West TN
How were African-Americans involved in the Union army? (8.78) Freed after the Emancipation Proclamation Fought as soldiers (never any higher)
What role did William Brownlow play in the Civil War? (8.77) First governor of TN after Civil War. Slaveholder against secession.
What was the Massachusetts 54th Regiment? (8.78) An African-American unit that lost over 1/2 of its troops during the attack at Fort Wagner, South Carolina.
Who were the 13th US Colored Troops and how were they involved in the Battle of Nashville? They fought for freedom from slavery, built fortifications, and repelled a key Confederate attack.
Explain the life of the common soldier in the Civil War. (8.79) Bloody deaths, disease, starvation, sometimes imprisoned.
What were the geographical advantages of the north? (8.80) Land suited for industry (attracts population, weapon making)
What were the geographical advantages of the south? (8.80) Larger territory, longer coastline, fertile soil
What were the economic advantages of the north? (8.80) Manufacturing, infrastructure, rail lines
What were the economic advantages of the south? (8.80) Farming, cotton trade
What was the significance of the Anaconda Plan? (8.80) Blockades around the south like a snake, it was made by Winfield Scott, blockade South's main ports (Atlantic Ocean, Mississippi River) to prevent a bloody war.
What was the location and significance of the First Battle of Bull Run? (8.80) North VA, First major battle, Confederate victory
What was the location and significance of Fort Henry? (8.80) North-Central Tennessee, Confederate forts attacked by the Union navy, results in capture of Nashville, first big Confederate defeat
What was the location and significance of the Battle of Shiloh? (8.80) Southwest Tennessee, Union retreats, then pushes back and reclaims territory
What was the location and significance of Antietam? (8.80) Maryland, first invasion of the North, Confederates retreat, Emancipation Proclamation on the way, bloodiest day in US history
What was the location and significance of Stones River? (8.80) Murfreesboro, Tennessee, Union reels, then recaptures lost territory, Confederates retreat
What was the location and significance of Fredericksburg? (8.80) Virginia, union attacks up hill and the Confederates win
What was the location and significance of Chancellorsville? (8.80) Virginia, Tavern, Confederate victory, Stonewall Jackson (Confederate General) was killed
What was the location and significance of Gettysburg? (8.80) Pennsylvania, three day battle, Confederate charge fails and the Union wins, Gettysburg address was given by Lincoln, turning point in the war
What is the location and significance of Vicksburg? (8.80) On the Mississippi river in Mississippi, Union bombards town, Confederate surrender, Union control of the Mississippi river split the Confederacy in half
What was the location and significance of Chickamauga? (8.80) Georgia, Union captures Chattanooga, Confederacy wins at Chickamauga Creek, Union retreats back to Chattanooga
What was the location and significance of Lookout Mountain? (8.80) Chattanooga, Tennessee, Union wins on foggy Mountain, battle above the clouds, breaks confederate siege Chattanooga and pushes them back into Georgia
What was the location and significance of Franklin? (8.80) Outside of Nashville, Confederacy attacks and loses, Union goes back to Nashville, Confederates go and try and recapture Nashville
What was the location and significance of Nashville? (8.80) Central Tennessee, Union fortifies Nashville and defeats Confederates, and occupies all of Tennessee (major African-American involvement)
What was the location and significance of Sherman's "March to the Sea"? (8.80) Atlanta and the Georgia coast, burns Atlanta and moves north on the coast, burning everything
What was the location and significance of Appomattox Courthouse? (8.80) Near Richmond, Virginia, Union captures Richmond, and blocked Lee's escape route, Lee surrenders and the Civil War is over
What impact did the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln have on the north? (8.81) The North became radicalized against the South
What impact did the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln have on the south? (8.81) Faced malice and revenge from the North, reunification was a more difficult process.
How did Lincoln's assassination affect the reunification of the country? (8.81) Different groups fought over how to do it, was slower.
Created by: jefffrye
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