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Aspect Of Language

The study of appearence in language

What are shortening words? The simplified version of a long winded word
Define "Blend Words" Compound words that are rushed or collided together
What is slang? Highly informal language that occurs most often in casual conversation
Define "Euphemisms" A word used in place of another word that is viewed as more disagreeable or offensive
What is jargon? Words used that people in a job understand
Define "Dialect" Words used in a particular location
What are colloquialisms? Language that is similar to slang, but is more widespread
Define "Swearing" Rude or offensive language that someone can use out of frustration or out of fear
What is taboo language? Language that is excluded or forbidden from usage in society
Define "Cliches" Phrases that are used over and over again and do not really mean anything
What are dysphemisms? Words used to convey negative attitudes or emotions in place of neutral or positive ones
Define "Archaisms" Words that are no longer commonly used
What are compound words? Two or more words combined to create a new word
Define "Abbreviated Words" A shortened form of a word or phrase
What is an acronym? A word composed of the first letters or parts of a name or series of words
Define "Neologism" A completely new word or expression
What are loan words? Terms used in one language that have an origin in another language
Define "Initialisms" An abbreviation consisting of initial letters pronounced separately
What is the difference between concious and unconcious writing? Concious is powerful in terms of convincing others that the opinions are correct, whereas unconcious leaks out the true hidden opinions or feelings
Define "Subconcious Writing" A piece of writing that is deeply affected by the way the writer thinks about the subject or topic they're representing
What is hegemony? A large scale or cultural bias
Name the four common stereotype areas in writing Nationalities, social groups, occupations and genders
What is phonology? The study of speech sounds in language
Predict the number of phonemes in the English language and the number of letters in its written system 44 phonemes and 26 letters
What are diagraphs? Pairs of letters that create a sound
Define "Schwar" A common little vowel that plays a crucial part in phonology
What is suprasegmental? The communicative activities in conversation which are not themselves part of. language (e.g. stress, pitch and intonation)
Define "Stress" The emphasis on certain words (normally content words)
When is emphatic stress used? To make a point or statement
Define "Pragmatics" The analysis of humour, irony, sarcasm, politeness and how human conversation actually work
What is denotation? The literal meaning given for a word.
Define "Connotation" The cultural or emotional association that a word may create in the reader/listener's head
What is deixis and what does it rely on? The term for usage of demonstrative adjectives such as "this", "that", "those", "these" and "them". It is reliant on context
Name the four maxims used to assume the nature of the other person in conversation Quality (truth), quantity (sufficient information), relevance (relevant to conversation) and manner (pleasant and clear)
What is flouting? The act of deception (making the other person believe that the maxim is broken but in reality it isn't)
Define "Positive & Negative Face" Positive (self esteem) and negative (desire to be free to act)
What is the difference between positive and negative politeness? Positive involves flattery, whereas negative tries to make the reciever feel as though their work at hand is not too trying
Define "Serif Fonts" The little additional lines or embellishments on the end of a stroke of a letter
What are sans serif fonts and where are they best used? A font that does not have the small line extensions on its characters. They are best used in large bodies of formal, mature texts
Identify the role of italics Used to indicate the title of a novel, play or film
What is the role of superscript? Used primarily for referencing
Name two school subjects that subscript is used in Mathematics and science
What is the role of boldness? Used for headings and emphasis
Identify two things that font size is dependent on Physical context and the desire for clarity or emphasis
What three main camps does colour analysis fall into? Analysis of efficiency, themes and symbolism
Quote Mr Wharmby on graphology "Never do a paragraph on it alone, otherwise I will cry and throw the paper at you edgeways, giving you a paper cut"
Created by: 13hored
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