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Analysis Of Language

The study of analysing language

What is grammar? The structure of language and how it is presented (the foundations of language)
Define "Rank Scale" Bigger unit of analysis in the sentence (sentence, clause, phrase, word and morpheme)
What is morphology? Building blocks of words into constructive chunks (roots, suffixes, affixes, prefixes and inflectional morphemes)
Define "Bound & Unbound Morphemes" Morphemes that cannot (bound) or can (unbound) work on their own
What is the function of an affix? They add shades of meaning to a word
Define "Low Frequency Vocabulary" Terminology that come up rarely in texts which use multiple affixes
What is parsing? The process of breaking down sentences
Decipher the intials "SVO" and define the three words Subject (source of the verb), verb (the action) and object (target of the verb)
What is passive voice? The voice used when the object is switched and becomes the subject
Define "Clauses" Any part of the sentence that contains a subject and a verb (and often an object)
What are independent or main clauses? A clause that makes sense on its own
Define "Dependent/ Subordinate Clauses" A clause that doesn't make sense alone
What is a phrase? Part of a clause that clusters around a headword
Name five word classes that a headword falls into A noun, a verb, an adjective, an adverb or a preposition
What is a conjugation? The act of changing a verb to fit a different tense
Predict when it would be the right time to use the present tense To indicate that something happened before the time of utterance, but our attention is now on the result or consequence of this
When is the continuous/ progressive voice used? To indicate incompletion
Define "Perfect Continuous Voice" A voice that combines "perfect" with "progressive", showing that it was a continuous process, but one that is now complete
What are the four types of noun and what do they each refer to? Common noun (referring to things), abstract noun (referring to non concrete objects), proper noun (referring to names) and pronoun (referring to participants in discourse)
Define "Transitive & Intransitive Verbs" Verbs that either require objects (transitive) or not (intransitive)
Other than transitive and intransitive, what are the three other types of verb and what to they each refer to? Modal verb (referring to probability), dummy verb (referring to nothing important) and phrasal verb (referring to an action with more than one word)
Identify the five types of adjective and what they refer to Quality (description), quantity (no number), number (exact amount), demonstrative (emphasis on items being omitted) and interrogative (asking a question)
What are the six types of adverb and what do they each refer to? Time (when), place (where), frequency (how often), degree (how much), confirmation/negation (if it happened) and comment (how well)
Identify two types of conjunction and their function Subordinating conjunction introduces a subordinate clause and correlative conjunction joins words or word groups to introduce a subordinate clause
What are single, double and compound prepositions? Single (where object is placed in range), double (like single but with two words) and compound (like single but with more than two words)
Give one example of an definate article and two examples of an indefinate article "The" for definate and "a/an" for indefinate
What is a clause? A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb
Created by: 13hored
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