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7 Hist Ch 17 WS BJU

TermDefinition
Adolf Hitler leader of the Nazi Pary
Albert Einstein Father of Modern Physics
Allies World War I alliance of Britain, France, Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
atheism Lenin declared this to be a vital and inseparable part of Marxism
Balkans a large region in southeastern Europe; Russia sought to dominate this region prior to WWI; "powder keg" of Europe because any spark of war in this region could ignite war in Europe.
Benito Mussolini Italian dictator; formed the Fascist Party
Bolsheviks "majority"; more radical Russian faction that supported violence
Britain enters WWI on the Allied Side after Germany broke a treaty and invaded neutral Belgium.
Central Powers World War I alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire
Chiang Kai-shek 2nd leader of the Kuomintang in China
Chinese Communist Party radical faction of the Kuomintang that split off from the main party
Cubism An Artistic movement that focused on geometric shapes, complex lines, and overlapping planes.
Entente Cordiale A friendly agreement between Britain and France. Britain gained control of Egypt. France gained control of Morocco. No written agreement, only an alliance against Germany.
Expressionism A form of art in which the artist depicts the inner essence of man and projects his view of the world as colored by that essence.
Federal Reserve A national baking system established in 1913, that controls the U.S. money supply and the availability of credit in the country
Finland only country that repaid its loan to the US after WWI
Francis Ferdinand Heir of the Austrian throne whose assassination in Sarajevo set in motion the events that started World War I. Assassination on June 28, 1914
Franklin D. Roosevelt US President (Democrat) following Hoover. Created many federal agencies to create jobs and attempt to bring America out of the Great Depression.
Herbert Hoover US President (Republican) when the Great Depression started. Very unpopular. Firmly believd that the government should not intervene in private business matters - he did try some limited measures (Federal Farm Board)
Joseph Stalin Russia's second dictator
June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand was Assassinated - Start of WWI
Kellogg-Briand Pact agreement to settle disputes between nations by negotiation rather than by force (war)
Kuomintang Nationalist Party of China
Lacarno Pact agreement between Germany, Britain, and France that recognized the present border as the permanent borders of these countries
Lateran Treaties agreements between Benito Mussolini and the Roman Catholic Church; Mussolini gave the Catholic Church money and a small independent region known as Vatican City, and the pope recognized Mussolini's government
League of Nations many nations working for peace; led by President Woodrow Wilson; failed because it had no power to enforce its recommendations
Mao Zedong leader of the Chinese Communist Party
Meiji Restoration in Japan, the reign of Emperor Meiji from 1868 to 1912 which was marked by rapid modernization, industrialization, and military development
Mensheviks "minority"; more moderate Russian faction that sought change through peaceful methods
Nazi Party National Socialist German Workers' Party; took over the German government when the Weimar Republic failed
Pan-Arabism secular movement to form a united state of Arabia and an Arab League that would spread from the west coast of northern Africa to Saudi Arabia
Paris Peace Conference 32 nations met to establish peace; excluded the countries that supported the Central Powers and excluded Russia
Pierre and Marie Curie (Madame) scientists who pioneered work with radioactivity
Postwar Literature writing that often reflected the despair and emptiness of modern life
Reinsurance Treaty secret agreement between Germany and Russia that required that each power would maintain neutrality should the other find itself at war.
Russia's central government collapse after defeat by Germany; Czar Nicholas II stepped down on March 15, 1917. Lenin became next leader in 1918
Schlieffen Plan called for Germans to send most of their forces west through neutral Belgium and quickly surround Paris, then rush to meet the advancing Russian forces on the eastern front after France surrendered
Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act legislation passed in 1930 that established very high tariffs. Its objective was to reduce imports and stimulate the domestic economy, but it resulted only in retaliatory tariffs by other nations and economic devastation here.
stalemate wartime condition where both sides suffer major losses without major gains on either side
Sun Yat-Sen 1st leader of the Kuomintang Party in China; struggled to unite China
total war a war in which all the resources of a country are devoted to destroying the enemy
Treaty of Versailles treaty between Germany and the Allies that ended WWI; blamed Germany for the war; Germany lost territory and its colonies, had to pay massive reparations for war damages, and had to reduce their military strength
Triple Entente An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
Turning points in WWI Lenin signed a treaty with the Germany taking Russia out of the war and United States declaring war on Germany
Vladimir Lenin Russia's first dictator, a Communist; signed a treaty with the Germans and took Russia out of the war
Washington Naval Conference limited the number of war ships each signing nation could build
Weimar Republic government formed in Germany after World War I; failed because it was unpopular and had no majority party
Wilhelm ll Ruled Germany 1888 he dismissed Bismarck and allowed the Reinsurance Treaty to expire
Created by: Mrs_CC