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13 Colonies Campbell

Stack for Mr. Campbell's 13 Colony Test

QuestionAnswer
Charter Official document that gives certain rights to an individual or group.
Burgess form of representative government "House of Burgesses" in Virginia
Dehumanization The process of depriving a person or group of basic human qualities, personality, or spirit.
Triangular Trade trade routes between Africa, Europe, and the Americas during the Atlantic slave trade.
Pilgrims People who take a journey for religion or trade.
established church Church of England
persecution to be mistreated due to religious beliefs.
Puritans Group that wanted to escape religious persecution in England and go against the Church of England. Founded Mass Bay Colony
Indigo Cash crop used to make dyes for fabric.
town meeting Meeting in colonial New England during which townspeople met to discuss issues and vote on matters.
Indentured Servant Person who signs a contract to work for a certain number of years in exchange for passage to the colonies.
royal colonies colony under direct control from the English crown
Quakers Religious group that believed to have a direct link with god but rejected traditional Christian worship
Penn's "Holy Experiment" William Penn wanted to create a colony where people from different religious backgrounds could live together in harmony.
cash crop A crop...sold for cash...
brackish water Water having more salt than fresh water.
religious toleration Acceptance of people from all religious backgrounds
Middle Passage Brutal, dirty, disease infested, crowded trip slaves took to the Americas before being sold into slavery.
debtor A person who cannot pay his or her debts.
mercantilism Economic policy relating to the balance of exporting and importing goods for profit.
export sending goods and services out of a country
import bringing goods and services into a country
tight packing vs loose packing Packing as many slaves onto a ship as it could fit, more die of illness vs. packing fewer slaves so there are less deaths.
Six ways slaves were obtained Kidnapping, Tributes (gifts), criminals, debtors, trading, prisoners of war
Country that imported the most slaves Brazil
Thomas Hooker Founder of Connecticut
Roger Williams Founder of Rhode Island for separation of church and state, believed Puritans were too powerful.
Lord Baltimore Founder of Maryland and the Baltimore Ravens(maybe)
William Penn Founder of Pennsylvania, held his Holy Experiment there
James Oglethorpe Founder of Georgia and man with a funny name.
John Wheelwright Puritan leader banished from Mass Bay Colony and eventually went to New Hampshire.
3 legs of the slave trade Leg 1: trade was from Europe to Africa where goods were exchanged for slaves. Leg 2: middleleg of the trade was the transportation of slaves to the Americas. Leg 3: of the trade was the transportation of goods from the Americas back to Europe.
Created by: stevenbutler