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Civil War

TermDefinition
Ft. Sumter Opening shots of the Civil War.
Robert E. Lee American general who led the Confederate Armies in the American Civil War
Border States the slave states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri, which refused to secede from the Union in 1860–61
King Cotton phrase frequently used by Southern politicians and authors prior to the American Civil War, indicating the economic and political importance of cotton production.
Anaconda Plan plan to defeat the Confederacy had three main parts: 1) Blockade all Eastern and Southern ports in the Confederate States. 2) Divide the South by taking control of the Mississippi River.
Blockade the situation in which a country or place is surrounded by soldiers or ships to stop people or goods from going in or out:
First Battle of Bull Run It was the first major battle of the Civil War and resulted in a Confederate victory.
Hygiene maintaining health and preventing disease, especially through cleanliness.
Minie Ball a type of muzzle-loading spin-stabilized bullet for rifled muskets used during the Civil War
Ulysses S. Grant commander of the Union armies in the American Civil War
William T. Sherman United States general who captured Atlanta and led a destructive march to the sea that cut the Confederacy in two
Battle of Antietam Union victory that led to Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, and it remains the deadliest one-day battle in all American military history.
Emancipation Proclamation an executive order issued on January 1, 1863, by President Lincoln freeing slaves in all portions of the United States not then under Union control
54th Massachusetts Regiment Authorized by the Emancipation Proclamation, the regiment consisted of African-American enlisted men commanded by white officers.
Copperheads a group of Democrats in the Northern United States of the Union who opposed the American Civil War and wanted an immediate peace settlement with the Confederates.
Battle of Gettysburg the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War, a Union victory, and the turning point of the Civil War.
Siege of Vicksburg Union victory in which Union forces took complete control of the Mississippi River and had in effect cut the Confederacy in two.
Appomattox Court House General Robert E Lee of the Confederate States surrendered in April 1865 to General Ulysses S Grant ending the Civil War
Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America
Gettysburg Address a speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln at the November 19, 1863, dedication of Soldier's National Cemetery, a cemetery for Union soldiers killed at the Battle Of Gettysburg during the American Civil War.
"Stonewall" Jackson general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run did not retreat and inspired other Confederate troops to continue fighting.
Created by: CoachRangel
 

 



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