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Causes of the Civil

Wilmot Proviso Legislation in 1846 that attempted to ban slavery in any territories won by the United States from Mexico. The vote was split on sectional alliances.
Compromise of 1850 agreement over slavery by which California joined the Union as a free state and a strict fugitive slave law was passed.
Fugitive Slave Act Law passed in 1850 that required all citizens to aid in the capture of runaway slaves
Popular Sovereignty In the mid 1800s, a term referring to the idea that each territory could decide for itself whether or not to allow slavery
Sectionalism Loyalty to a state or section rather than to the whole country
Kansas-Nebraska Act An 1854 law that established the territories of Nebraska and Kansas, giving the settlers the right of popular sovereignty to decide on the issue of slavery
States' Rights The right of states to limit the power of the federal government
Republican Party Political party established in the United States in 1854 with the goal of keeping slavery out of the western territories
Dred Scot v. Sanford An 1857 Supreme Court case that brought into question the federal power over slavery in the territories
Missouri Compromise 1820 agreement, proposed by Henry Clay, to keep the number of slave and free states equal
John Brown's Raid In 1859, the radical abolitionist John Brown led a group of followers to the town of Harpers Ferry, VA where he planned to raid a federal arsenal, give enslaved African Americans weapons, and lead them in a revolt.
Platform A statement of the policies favored by a political party or candidate
Secede To withdraw from membership in a group
Confederate States of America At a convention in Montgomery, AL, seven states including South Carolina, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas formed a new nation
Bleeding Kansas Pro-slavery and Anti-slavery settlers in Kansas engaged in guerrilla warfare, attacking and killing one another. More then 200 people were killed.
Uncle Tom's Cabin An 1852 novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe written to show the evils of slavery and the injustice of the Fugitive Slave Act.
Created by: CoachRangel
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