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World War ll

TermDefinition
Franklin D. Roosevelt President of the US when the war started
Adolf Hitler Dictator of Germany/Leader of the Nazi Party
Benito Mussolini Dictator of Italy
Winston Churchill Prime Minister (Leader) of the British Government
Hideki Tojo Leader of Japan
Joseph Stalin Dictator of Russia (USSR)- Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
Admiral Chester Nimitz Commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet
General Dwight D. Eisenhower Commander of all of the Allied Forces. Would later become president of the U.S.
General George S. Patton Led U.S. forces into the Battle of the Bugle and the march to Germany.
General Douglas MacArthur Planned the strategy of island hopping. Gain control of the islands in the Pacific from Japanand use them as American military bases to defeat Japan.
President Harry S. Truman FDR dies suddenly and VP Truman is sworn in as president. Will lead us through the end of the war. Decided to use atomic bombs on Japan in hope of surrender and avoiding invasionthat would cost more American lives.
Anne Frank 13 year old Jewish girl from the Netherlands. Hid with her family for nearly 2 years over her fathers old office. She kept a diary which is one of the best accounts of the life of Jews under Nazi rule. Died in a concentration camp.
Allied Powers Britian, France, United States, Russia (eventually), some smaller countries.
Axis Powers Germany, Italy, Japan
Dictator A leader who gains complete control of a country's government, often by force of intimidation
Fascism A form of government where individual freedoms are deniedand complete power is given to the government. Extreme Nationalism
Lend-Lease The US let Britian borrow all of the military supplies it needed to fight the Axisand did not ask for payment. Isolationists protested because they thought FDR was leading the U.S. into war.
Rationing Government limiting the amount of food, gasoline, etc. that people could buy. Stamps for products were sent out weekly.
Victory Gardens Small vegetable gardens planted to help increase the amount of food available in the countries. They were in yards and even on rooftops.
Atomic Bomb Massive exsplosive deice made by splitting atoms.
Manhattan Project Government code name for the development of the bomb.
Holocaust Widespread destruction. Nazis killed over 6 million Jews in concentration camps during the war. Hitler wanted to rid Europe of Jews.
Concentration Camps Confinment camps where Nazis sent the Jewish people they captured. Jews were killed , worked, or starved to death. Allied forces freed the survivors from the camps.
Battle of Midway Major turning point in the war against Japan. Small island near Hawwaii. Japan wanted to destroy the rest of the pacific fleet after pearl Harbor. June 1942- Allies destroy Japanese pacific fleet and severly weaken their naval power.
Battle of Stalingrad Germans treid to take over the city and destroyed it.
Battle of Iwo Jima Iwo Jima, Japan: February 1945. Small island in the Pacific, but the toughest for the U.S. Marines to take. After U.S. took Iwo Jima, they took Okinawa, Japan, but lost 50,000 soliders between the two battles. Allies win !
VE Day Victory in Europe day- May 8, 1945.
Invasion of Normandy Normandy, France: Force of 175,000 Allied soldiers and 6,000 ships attacked on June 6, 1945, Known as D-Day. Largest invasion by sea in world history.
Hiroshima, Japan August 6, 1945. Air Force bomber plane Enola Gay dropped atomic bomb on the city. Completly destroyed the city and killed 80,000 in a few SECONDS. Three days later, another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. Then, they surrendered.
VJ Day Victory in Japan: August 14, 1945
Costs of War Bloodiest war in the history of wars, Lost more tha 400,000 US soldiers. 40-50 million soldiers and civilians died. Only civil war had more American lives. Europe cities and farm lands were destroyed. New weapon- atomic power.
Created by: 00052596
 

 



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