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U.S. Government

QuestionAnswer
Cabinet A group of advisers to the president, part of the unwritten Constitution
House of Representatives States represented by population
Senate States represented by fix apportionment (2 per state)
3/5ths Compromise allowed slaves to be counted as 3/5ths of a person towards representation and taxation
Great Compromise Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
Social Contract Locke's idea that government originates with the people
Articles of Confederation 1st government of the United States
Section #16 When this plot of land sold, the money was used for a school
Slavery Forbidden in the old Northwest Territory
Couldn't tax, no Prez, no courts Weaknesses of the Articles
Shay's Rebellion (1786) Armed uprising of western Massachusetts debtors seeking lower taxes and an end to property foreclosures. Caused end of Articles
Thomas Jefferson Supported Shay's Rebellion and French Revolution as "people's uprisings" and exercise of Freedom
Bill Idea for a law
Simple majority required to pass a law
2/3's majority Required to override a veto
Veto Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature
Check and Balances system by which each branch of goverment check or control the actions of the other branches
John Jay Wrote the NYS Constitution
Legislative Branch Article I
Executive Branch Article II
Judicial Branch Article III
Congress (Legislative Branch) Makes the laws
President (Executive Branch) Enforces laws
Supreme Court (Judicial Branch) Interprets the laws
Bi-cameral Two house legislature
New Jersey Plan The proposal at the Constitutional Convention that called for equal representation of each state in Congress regardless of the state's population.
Viriginia Plan States would be represented by population
Federalist Supporters of the Constitution that were led by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. They firmly believed the national government should be strong.
Anti-Federalists Led by Thomas Jefferson. Opponents of the American Constitution; favored a Bill of Rights
Ratify to approve
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments to the Constitution. Guarantee personal freedoms
1st Amendment Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
Father of the Constitution James Madison
Federalism A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Judicial Review The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
Preamble Introduction to the Constitution
Amendment A change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
Reserved powers Powers given to the state government alone...like licenses, public schools, speed limits
delegated powers Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
Ratify to approve
Compromise an agreement or a settlement of a dispute that is reached by each side making concessions.
Created by: lcuso9