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World War II

TermDefinition
Franklin D. Roosevelt President of US when war started
Adolf Hitler Dictator of Germany/Leader of Nazi Party
Benito Mussolini Dictator of Italy
Winston Churchill Prime Minister (Leader) of the British government
Hideki Tojo Leader of Japan
Joseph Stalin Dictator of Russia (USSR) -Union Soviet Socialist Republic
Admiral Chester Nimitz Commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet
General Dwight D. Eisenhower Commander of all the Allied Forces. Would later become the president of the U.S.
General George S. Patton Led U.S. Forces in the Battle of the Bulge and the march to Germany
General Douglas MacArthur Gained Control of the islands from Japan and used them as military for America to defeat Japan
President Harry S. Truman FDR dies and suddenly and VP Truman is Sworn in as President and will lead US through the end of war
Anne Fran 13 year old Jewish girl from the Netherlands hid with her family for nearly 2 years in her father's office
Allied Powers Britain, France, United States, some smaller Countries
Axis Power Germany, Italy, Japan
Dictator A leader who gains complete control of a country's government, often by force or intimidation
Fascism a form of government where individual freedoms are denied and complete power is given to the government
Lend-Lease The U.S.let Britain borrow all of the military supplies it need to fight the Axis and didn't ask for payment
Rationing government limiting the amount of food,gasoline, etc that people could buy. Stamps for products were sent out monthly
Victory Gardens small vegetable gardens planted to help increase the amount of food available in the countries. They were in yard, even on rooftops
Atomic Bomb massive explosive device made by splitting atoms
Manhattan Project government code name for the development of the bomb
Holocaust widespread destruction. Nazis killed over 6 million Jews in concentration camps during the war Hitler wanted to rid Europe of Jews
Concentration Camps Confinement camps where Nazis sent the Jewish people they captured Jews were ether killed, worked, or starved to death
Battle of Midway major turning point in war against Japan. Small island near Hawaii. Japan Wanted to destroy the Pacific Fleet
Battle of Stalingrad Germans tried to take over city and destroy it.Soviet soldiers held and Germany had to surrender and were forced to retreat from Russia
Battle of Iwo Jima Iwo Jima, Japan: February 1945. Small island in the Pacific, but the toughest for US Marines to take.
VE Day Victory in Europe Day:May 8, 1945
Invasion of Normandy Normandy, France: Force of 175,000 Allied soldiers and 6.000 ships attacked on June 6, 1945
Hiroshima, Japan August 6, 1945. Air force bomber plane Enola Gay dropped atomic bomb on the city
VJ Day Victory in Japan:August 14, 1945
Cost of War Bloodiest war in the history of the world, lost more than 400,000 US soldiers
Created by: 00061286