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1970s

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Richard Nixon His presidency included New Federalism, the EPA, the Endangered Species Act, war in Vietnam and Cambodia, detente, Watergate and resignation
Tinker v. Des Moines Supreme Court case protecting the first amendment free speech rights of students (black arm bands in protest against the Vietnam War)
Wisconsin v. Yoder Supreme Court case protecting freedom of religion (Amish children not required to attend school past 8th grade because the curriculum was counter to their values, beliefs, and way of life)
Phyllis Schlafly Outspoken critic of the Women's Liberation Movement
Environmental Protection Act (EPA) Federal agency that sets air and water pollution standards for cities, as well as monitoring and enforcing these standards, signed into law by Richard Nixon.
Endangered Species Act Protects species of plants ad animals that are threatened with extincion
Detente A relaxing of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union
New Federalism The Nixon administration sought to decentralize programs and devolve power to state and locally elected officials in reaction to the growth of the federal government under President Johnson
United States v. Nixon The Supreme Court ruled that Nixon was required to turn over the tapes of his own White House conservations
Watergate Scandal Richard Nixon resigned in disgrace after attempting to cover up the connections between his campaign and a break-in at the Democratic Party headquarters
Gerald Ford Nixon's Vice President, he became President when Nixon resigned
OPEC The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, most were Arab countries who used oil as a political weapon in the 1970s.
Helsinki Accords An international agreement signed by the U.S., Canada, the Soviet Union, and most European countries, recognizing post-World War II borders and promising respect for human rights.
Stagflation High unemployment combined with inflation (rising cost of goods)
Jimmy Carter His presidency was marked by the creation of the Department of Energy, an effort to clean up the environment, stagflation, an emphasis on diversity, the Panama Canal Treaty, Camp David Accords, the Iran Hostage Crisis
Camp David Accords Hosted by Jimmy Carter, a peace agreement between Israel and Egypt ended 30 years of war
Iran Hostage Crisis Angry Iranian students took U.S. embassy staff and held them hostage for more than a year
Three Mile Island the site of a nuclear power plant in south central Pennsylvania that suffered a catastrophic meltdown and radiation leak in 1979
Panama Canal Treaty President Carter signed a treaty returning all of the Panama Canal Zone except the canal itself to Panama with the promise to turn over the canal by the end of the century
Created by: Garcia_kamila
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