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Civil War

chapter 11 test 9th grade

TermDefinition
Fort Sumter fort in SC that the south wanted to take over
anaconda plan 3 part strategy by which the Union proposed to defeat the Confederacy in the Civil War
Bull Run first major bloodshed in richmond VA union won vip= stonewall jackson
shiloh small tennessee church, taught both sides a "strategic lesson", union won
monitor ironclad ship used by the north
merrimac ironclad ship used by the south
antietem battle beside creek, bloodiest single day battle, vip= robert lee
emancipation proclamation an executive order issued by abe lincoln on january 1, 1863, freeing the slaves in all the confederacy
habeas corpus a court order requiring authorities to bring a prisoner before the court so that the court can determine whether the prisoner is being held legally
copperhead a northern democrat who advocated making peace with the confederacy
conscription the drafting of citizens for military service
fort pillow gruesome massacre in tennessee where confederate troops killed over 200 african american prisoners
income tax a tax on earnings
andersonville the worst confederate prison located in Georgia
gettysburg three day battle considered as the turning point of the war
chancellorsville battle in Va during the first 4 days of May, south won
gettysburg address a famous speech delivered by abe lincoln in november 1863, at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the battle of gettysburg
appomattox court house town near appomattox, VA, where Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9, 1865, thus ending the Civil War
national bank act legislation passed in 1863 to make banking safe for investors, it's provisions included a system of federally chartered banks, new requirements for loans and a system for inspection of banks
13th amendment an amendment to the us constitution, adopted in 1865, that has abolished slavery and involuntary servitude
red cross an international organisation providing relief to people in times of war or natural disaster. Clara Barton founded the American branch in 1861
Created by: dvalenta