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Chapters 3-6

Religion, Early Settlements,

TermDefinition
Lord Baltimore recognized as the founder and patron of the Maryland Colony
Act of Toleration (May 24, 1689), Granted Religious Freedom
Roger Williams A staunch advocate for religious freedom, separation of church and state, and fair dealings with American Indians, and he was one of the first abolitionists
Anne Hutchinson The defendant in the most famous of the trials intended to crack down on religious dissent in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Halfway Covenant allowed the children of baptized but unconverted church members to be baptized and thus become church members and have political rights.
Quakers A non-violent activist group that fought for equal rights.
William Penn Founder of the English North American colony the Province of Pennsylvania. Also an Early Quaker
Great Awakening General shift away from religion to the pursuit of wealth. People began to question the church and shy away from religion over generation.
Jonathan Edwards Focused on getting the youth back into religion, helped to increase church membership.
George Whitefield Evangelical Anglican minister from England
Cotton Mather Left a scientific legacy due to his hybridization experiments and his promotion of inoculation for disease prevention, though he is most frequently remembered today for his involvement in the Salem witch trials
Jamestown First permanent English settlement. Created to bring in profit. Established in Virginia.
Puritans Sought religious freedom
Separatists Wanted to be separate from the church
Pilgrims A group of English people who came to America seeking religious freedom during the reign of King James I
Massachusetts Bay Colony An English settlement on the east coast of North America in the 17th century around the Massachusetts Bay, the northernmost of the several colonies
John Winthrop One of the leading figures in founding the Massachusetts Bay Colony, led the first large wave of immigrants from England in 1630 and served as governor for 12 of the colony's first 20 years.
Great Migration The relocation of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North, Midwest and West from about 1916 to 1970.
Wampanoag tribe whose chief, metacom, known to the colonies as king Phillip, united many tribes in southern new England against the English settlers
King Phillips War Metacom's War or the First Indian War, was an armed conflict between English colonists and the American Indians of New England in the 17th century
Created by: Arianna2590