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1920s

Chapter 20 vocab

QuestionAnswer
Henry Ford
Mass production production of goods in large numbers through the use of machinery and assembly lines
Model T automobile manufactured by Henry Ford to be affordable on the mass market
Scientific management approach to improving efficiency
Assembly line arrangement of equipment and workers in which work passes from operation to operation in direct line until the product from operation
Consumer revolution flood of new, affordable goods in the decades after WWI
Installment buying method of purchase in which buyer makes a small down payment and then pays off the rest of the debt in regular monthly payments
Bull market period of rising stock prices
Buying on margin system of buying stocks in which a buyer pays a small percentage of the purchase price while the broker advances the price
Andrew Mellon
Herbert Hoover
Teapot Dome scandal scandal during the Harding administration in which the Secretary of the Interior leased government oil reserves to private oilmen in return for bribes
Calvin Coolidge
Washington Naval Disarmement Conference meeting held in 1921 and 1922 where world leaders agreed to limit construction of warships
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Dawes Plan agreement in which the United States loaned money to Germany, allowing Germany to make reparation payments to Britain and France
Modernism artistic and literacy movement sparkled by a break with past conventions
Fundamentalism movement or attitude stressing strict and literal adherence to a set of basic principles
Scopes Trial 1925 trial of a Tennessee schoolteacher for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution
Clarence Darrow
Quota system arrangement that limited the number of immigrants who could enter the United States from specific countries
Ku Klux Klan organization that promotes hatred and discrimination against specific ethnic and religious groups
Prohibition the forbidding by law of the manufacture, transport, and sale of alcohol
Eighteenth Amendment constitutional amendment banning the manufacture, distribution, and sale of alcohol in the United States
Volstead Act law enacted by Congress to enforce the Eighteenth Amendment
Bootlegger one who sells illegal alcohol
Charlie Chaplin
The Jazz Singer the first movie with sound synchronized to the action
Babe Ruth
Charles Lindbergh
Flapper young women from the 1920s who defied traditional rules of conduct and dress
Sigmund Freud
"Lost Generation" term for American writers of the 1920s marked by disillusion with WWI and a search for a new sense of meaning
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Ernest Hemingway
Marcus Garvey
Jazz American musical form developed by African American, based on improvisation and blending blues, ragtime, and European-based popular music
Louis Armstrong
Bessie Smith
Harlem Renaissance period during the 1920s in which African American novelists. poets, and artists celebrated their culture
Claude McKay
Langston Hughes
Zora Neale Hurston
Created by: VKimbrell718