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World War One

Causes, Debate over war, Mobilization, Civil liberties, Peace, Debate over Treat

World War 1 began in 1914 lasted until 1918. During the conflict, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (the Central Powers) fought against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Romania, Japan and the United States (the Allied Powers).
M.A.I.N Militarism, Public and Secret Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
Militarism Nations followed the policy of building bigger and stronger military's, creating a culture of paranoia that heightened the search for alliances. It was fed by the cultural belief that war is good for nations.
Alliances Nations made secret alliances, promising to mobilize their army if a threat were to come to the other, these alliances led to unrest.
Imperialism Tensions began to build between the countries over which area's/colony's they wanted.
Nationalism Countries all wanted to be better than each other. National pride led to country's not negotiating and making deals, they also became greedy.
"The Spark" The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie
The Black Hand A Serbian military group that was against Austria-Hungarian rule. Gavrilo Princip was a member of the group and the man who assassinated the Archduke.
Allied Powers Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the United States
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria
Neutrality The state of not supporting or helping either side in a conflict. The U.S. was neutral for the first 3 years of the war.
Submarine Warfare During WW1, had adopted a policy called "unrestricted submarine warfare". Therefore submarines were allowed to attack non-military ships, until they Lusitania.
Lusitania 1915, less than a year after World War I erupted across Europe, a German submarine sank the RMS Lusitania, a British ocean liner en route from New York to Liverpool, England.
Sussex Pledge (May 4, 1916), agreed to give adequate warning before sinking merchant and passenger ships and to provide for the safety of passengers and crew. The pledge was upheld until February 1917, when unrestricted submarine warfare was resumed.
Propaganda World War I was the first war where mass media and propaganda played a notable role in keeping the people at home informed about the battlefields. This was also the first war in which the government used propaganda as a way to alter the public's opinion.
Debate over War Many of the U.S people wanted to stay out of the war but Wilson ended up joining. Mainly because of growing German aggression.
Preparedness The U.S wasn't stable enough to go to war but did so anyway because of their pride.
Election of 1916 Charles Evan Hughes(R) VS. Woodrow Wilson Wilson; "He kept us out of War" later elected on this campaign slogan
Robert Lafollette Senator of Wisconsin who asked for a national referendum on WW1
Jeannette Rankin An American politician and women's rights advocate, and the first woman to hold federal office in the United States. She was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Republican from Montana in 1916
Edward House An American diplomat, politician, and an adviser to President Woodrow Wilson. During the war, House actively engaged in efforts to bring the fighting to an end.
Zimmermann telegram Intercepted telegram from the German minister, who attempted to form an alliance with Mexico and get them to attack the U.S.
Russian Revolution A pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Monarchy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
Created by: Arianna2590