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Gr 7 History Ch 9

Grade 7 History Ch 9 Review - Term, Places, & Dates

TermDefinition
Middle Ages the period after the collapse of the Roman Empire
apostles the twelve men who had firsthand knowledge of Jesus and whom God sent out to preach the gospel
koine the most common form of the Greek language; used for writing the New Testament
church an assembly or body of people
Judaism the religion of the Jews
deacon comes from the Greek word for "servant"
bishop comes from the Greek term meaning"overseer" or superintendent"
catholic means "universal" or "one"
"apostolic succession" the idea which maintains that men like Peter and Paul handed down their power and authority from one generation of bishops to the next
Petrine theory belief that Christ made Peter the head of the Catholic church and that Peter passed this power to the first bishop of Rome, whom he appointed
Roman Catholic Church the church founded on the belief that the bishop of the Church of Rome is supreme over all churches
pope the bishop of the Church of Rome
Arianism opinion that Jesus was not God but rather had been created by God the Father
Council of Nicaea the council that affirmed Christ's divinity in AD 325
Nicene Creed a statement of belief affirming Christ's divinity
mass a Roman Catholic service
sacrament "sacred act"
Eucharist the Lord's Supper
exommunication being cut off from communication with the human rulers of the church and, therefore, being denied the sacraments
Christendom the portion of the world in which Christianity previals
AD 500-1500 Middle Ages
AD 100 New Testament complete
Created by: mbrennan262