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New South

Terms and People from New South Unit

TermDefinition
Bourbon Triumvirate Group of three wealthy men (Joseph E. Brown, Alfred H. Colquitt, John B. Gordon) that led the Georgia Democrats and tried to help the wealthy, white citizens of Georgia during the New South
Populist New political party that was formed during the New South; supported farmers and African American in the South
Rebecca Latimer Felton Georgia reformer that worked to improve child labor laws and prison conditions; served as the first female U.S. Senator
Henry Grady Person known as the "voice of the New South" and "the father of the New South"; used his influence working for the Atlanta Constitution to persuade Northerners about the South's ability to be industrial; helped to organize the Internat'l Cotton Exposition
Tom Watson Georgia politician and leader of the Populist Party; created the RFD Bill that delivered mail to rural areas for free; assisted poor Georgians and farmers
International Cotton Exposition Event in 1881, 1887, & 1895; created to show the economic recovery & potential of the South after Reconstruction; tried getting Northerners to invest money in Georgia by building factories/industry
1906 Atlanta Riot Racial violence between white and black citizens in 1906; began as a result of false accusations against black citizens (over false claims of raping and murdering white women), published in the Atlanta Journal & Atlanta Constitution newspapers
Leo Frank Jewish factory manager accused of killing a 14 year old white girl named Mary Phagan; he was sentenced to death but the sentence was later changed to life in prison; kidnapped and lynched (illegal hanging) in Marietta
County Unit System System of voting used in local and state elections which gave small, rural counties more voting power; later declared unconstitutional in 1962
Disenfranchisement Rules used to take away African Americans right to vote; included the use of the Poll Tax, Owning of Property, and Literacy Tests
Plessy vs. Ferguson U.S. Supreme Court case that upheld segregation; centered around a multi-racial man that was arrested for sitting in the "White Only" railroad car
Booker T. Washington Founder and president of Tuskeegee University; believed education for African Americans was the key to obtaining social and political equality; gave "Atlanta Compromise Speech" in 1895
W.E.B. DuBois Atlanta University professor; believed African Americans should form organizations in the fight against discrimination and segregation; worked with the Niagra movement and the NAACP in New York
John Hope President of Atlanta University; helped to create the NAACP; worked with his wife to better the lives of African Americans in Atlanta
Alonzo Herndon Atlanta businessman (barber and owner of Atlanta Mutual Insurance Company) became the wealthiest Afriacan American in Atlanta
NAACP The first majororganization for African American rights; created through the work of the Niagaria Movement
Created by: allynb55