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American Revolution

QuestionAnswer
St. Leger's route Down the Mohawk Valley, stopped at Oriskany
Howe (proposed) Up the Hudson to Albany
Howe (actual) By sea to Philadelphia
Albany Target of all 3 British armies...would have cut off New England
Boston Massacre March, 1770-5 Bostonians shot by British soldiers
Boston Tea Party To protest taxation without representation, Son of Liberty throw 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor
Lexington and Concord First battles of the Amerian Revolution
Battle of Saratoga Turning point of Revolution.
Valley Forge Winter of 1777-1778, Washington's camp outside of Philadelphia
West Point Fort involved in Benedict Arnold's treason plot, guarded chain across the Hudson
Yorktown Final battle of the Revolution. British surrender to Washington and the French
Declaration of Independence Jefferson's justification for breaking away from Great Britain
Sam Adams Founder of the Sons of Liberty
Benedict Arnold American hero turned traitor...tried to sell Fort West Point to the British
John Burgoyne Surrendered to "Granny" Gates at Saratoga (turning point)
Patrick Henry Give me Liberty or Give me Death!
Hessians German mercenaries who fought for the British
Thomas Jefferson main author of the Declaration
Loyalist (Tory) Colonists who stayed loyal to England during the Revolution
Thomas Paine Author of Common Sense and the Crisis
Baron von Steuben Prussian drillmaster who trained Washington's army at Valley Forge
George Washington Commander in Chief of the Continental Army
Boycott to refuse to buy goods to force a change
Embargo To refuse to trade with other countries
Militia Part-time, partly trained army
Tariff A tax on imported goods
Treason the act of going against your country
Treaty of 1783 treaty that ended the American Revolution...gave America independence from Great Britain
Benjamin Franklin Secured French assistance during the Revolution
James Otis Taxation without representation
Burgoyne Down Lake Champlain toward Albany
Philadelphia the city where the Declaration of Independence was signed by the Second Continental Congress.
John Hancock First to sign the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Paine Author of Common Sense. Inspired colonists for Independence
Nathan Hale American spy who said, "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."
Trenton On Christmas night, 1776, Washington led 2,400 men across the Delaware River to attack the drunken Hessians who were sleeping. The Americans killed 30 of the enemy and took 918 captives and 6 Hessian cannons.
Marquis de Lafayette French soldier who joined General Washington's staff and became a general in the Continental Army.
General William Howe British commander; captured Philadelphia
Colonel Barry St. Leger commanded a smaller British force that came in from the west by way of Lake Ontario and the Mohawk Valley
Francis Marion South Carolina militia leader nicknamed the "Swamp Fox" for his hit-and-run attacks on the British during the American Revolution.
John Paul Jones American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747-1792) said " I have not yet begun to fight."
Jane McCrea A loyalist woman who was scalped. This united the Americans against the British and their Native allies.
Mississippi River The western boundary of the United States established in the Treaty of Paris
Fort Niagara British fort in Western New York
Chief Joseph Brant Pro-British Mohawk leader that devastated New York and Pennsylvania frontiers in 1778.
General Charles Lord Cornwallis British General who was forced to surrender in last battle of American Revolution (Yorktown)
Admiral Comte de Grasse French navy admiral - battle of Yorktown
Created by: lcuso9