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TExES History

Government and Citizenship

TermDefinition
Citizenship participation in the rules and rights afforded under a governmental system
Constitution the highest law of the United States
Civic studies laws, the structure and function of government, politics, and citizenship
Citizenship responsibilities community service, jury duty, political participation, obey the laws, pay taxes peaceful conflict
Community service participate in helping others in your city
Jury duty participate and decide if a legal case is handled in an equitable way
Obey laws and Respect the rights of others follow the laws of the city, county, state, and country and respect the right of others
Pay taxes pay income taxes, state taxes, county taxes, city taxes, and school taxes
Political participation vote, be informed, discuss public issues, evaluate rules and laws
Peaceful conflict resolve problems with empathy, by negotiating and mediating without violence
Rights of Citizens Bill of Rights; first 10 amendments; Dec. 15, 1791
Democracy a political structure in which the people are considered the primary source and decisions are made through voting
National vs. State Government share some powers and then each has their own powers
Three Branches of Government Legislative, Executive, Judicial
Executive Branch President, his Cabinet, and staff; have the power to veto, declare war; can only serve 2 four year terms
Legislative Branch Legislature/Congress made up of the House of Representatives and Senate; make the laws
Executive Branch representatives President: Donald Trump; Vice-President: Mike Pences: Departments: Dept. of Defense, Dept. of Treasury; Dept. of Education; Dept. of Urban Housing; Homeland Security
Legislative Branch representatives in the House of Representatives House of Representative: 435/38 Texas serve 2 yr terms; Speaker of the House: Nancy Pelosi, Representatives.:Will Hurd, Joaquin Castro, Henry Cuellas, Lloyd Doggett
Judicial Branch Supreme Court judges; interpret and determine if the law is fair
Judicial Branch representatives Supreme Court judges: *John Roberts, Sonia Sotomayor, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Anthony Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Stephen Breyer, Samuel Alito, Elena Kagan, Neil Gorsuch
Legislative Branch representatives in the Senate Senate: 100/2 in Texas; serve 6 year terms; Head of the Sentate; Mike Pence; Senators: John Cornyn, Ted Cruz
Popular Votes votes by the people
Electoral Votes representatives for each state cast their votes; each state gets 2 votes for their Senators and # of votes according to how many representatives they have; Example for Texas=2 + 36= 38 votes at the convention
Electoral Votes during a Presidential election There are 538 electoral votes =2 for each state, the # of votes for their representatives plus 3 for Washington, D.C.' It takes 270 electoral votes to win the Presidency
Primary Election each party selects a candidate who will run for president; one Republican and one Democratic nominee
Political Party group of people with common values and goals; they support their candidate to get him elected as President
National Government powers relations with other countries; declare war, foreign and interstate trade; coin money
State Government powers public health and safety; trade within the state; ratify amendments with 2/3 votes
National and State Governments shared powers make and enforce laws; tax citizens; borrow money
Texas Government branches Executive-Governor/Lt. Governor; Sentate (2); House of Representatives (38); Texas Supreme Court (9) judges (R)
Government Bulls-Eye Effect United States; Texas; County, City, School
Created by: cebarr
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