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Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian HNRS HIST "World War I" Test Flashcards #2 2022

What does the term "U.S. Imperialism" mean/refer to? This term is used to describe "the U.S. acquisition of Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Philippine Islands in 1898".
Why were U.S. and various European merchants and U.S. Navy officers were greatly interested in Hawaii in the early 1800's? Its strategic location - halfway between Japan and California - made it perfect for whaling ships and as a possible location for a naval base.
What was one (1) argument that "anti-imperialists" used against further annexation of territory by the U.S.? Booker T. Washington stated that the U.S. should "deal with its own problems" first before helping other countries with their "social problems".
What does the term "the flag follows the Constitution" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the idea that the "rights of U.S. citizens should be extended to any people living in a territory conquered by the United States".
What does the term "Roosevelt Corollary" mean/ refer to? This term refers to Theodore Roosevelt's policy asserting U.S. authority to intervene in the affairs of Latin American nations, which was an expansion of the Monroe Doctrine.
What does the term "Gentlemen's Agreement" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a diplomatic agreement in 1907 between Japan and the U.S. that curtailed, but did not abolish, Japanese immigration".
What does the term "Great White Fleet" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a U.S. Navy fleet that was sent around the world from December 1907 to February 1909 by President Theodore Roosevelt to show American strength and to promote goodwill."
What does the term "Dollar Diplomacy" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the U.S. policy urged by President Taft of using private investment in other nations to promote American diplomatic goals and business interests".
What was the "Committee on Public Information"? This was a U.S. government agency during WWI that "sought to shape public opinion in support of the war effort through newspapers, pamphlets, speeches, films, & other media".
What did the Espionage Act of 1918 do/ provide for? This law vaguely prohibited obstructing the nation's war effort and was used to stop dissent and criticism during World War I.
What did the Sedition Act of 1918 do/ provide for? This law made illegal "uttering, printing, writing, or publishing any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about the government of the United States" or its military or naval forces.
What did the U.S. Supreme Court decide in the "Schenck vs. United States" case? In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that free speech could be limited IF the words "are used in such circumstances as are of such a nature as to create a clear and present danger".
What does the term "Fourteen Points" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the proposed points outlining peace offered by President Woodrow Wilson in 1918 as the U.S. entered World War I (the Treaty of Versailles did not include all 14 of these points).
What was the name of the treaty that ended World War I? This was the Treaty of Versailles.
What four (4) countries were involved in peace talks at the end of World War I? Italy, Great Britain, France, and the United States.
Which Triple Entente country was NOT included in the peace talks to end World War I and why weren't they included? Russia was not included in these talks because the other four (4) countries did not agree with their Communist form of government.
Why did Russia leave World War I in 1918? Russia did this due to the results of the Russian Revolution, which had been going on in that country since 1905. Russia "officially" left the war after the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on March 3, 1918.
What was the Zimmerman Telegram? This was a telegram that was sent to Mexico and was from German foreign minister Arthur Zimmerman stating that if Mexico attacked the U.S., lands they had lost -from Texas to California - would be restored to them.
What was the importance of the Zimmerman Telegram? The importance of this was that it was intercepted by the British government, decoded, & released to the public. This changed American's opinion about Germany and (eventually) led the United States to declare war and enter WWI.
What did the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty do/ provide for? This was a treaty between the U.S. and Great Britain that allowed the U.S. to build the Panama Canal in Central America as long as they agreed to maintain its neutrality and allow ships from around the world to use it.
What made it "nearly impossible" for President Wilson to ignore the civil war that began in Mexico in 1913? The fact that the U.S. had thousands of American citizens living there and working as teachers, nurses, and construction workers made this "nearly impossible" for him to ignore.
What did President Wilson believe about the reason why a civil war began in Mexico in 1913? He believed that "it was part of a battle between British and American oil companies", and he did not want to get the United States involved in this.
What does the term "yellow journalism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to newspaper writers who wrote sensationalized stories about atrocities committed by Spain in Cuba during the Cuban Revolution.
Created by: sticklerpjpII
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