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Foundations of American Government

Representative government People elect public officeholders to make laws and conduct government on their behalf
Rule of law The government and those who govern are bound by the law
Democracy Government in which the people rule
Direct democracy People vote on laws firsthand or directly
Majority rules If most of the people vote for someone or something, then that person or law passes.
Consent of the governed People are the source of any and all government power
Minority rights Even though the majority makes the decisions, the smaller group's rights are protected
Limited government Government is not all powerful and may do only those things people have given it the power to do
Declaration of Independence Stated grievances against the king; affirmed the unalienable rights of "life liberty and the pursuit of happiness"; established idea that all people are equal under the law
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom Freedom of religious beliefs
Virginia Declaration of Rights Served as a model for the Bill of Rights
Charters of the Virginia Company of London Guaranteed the rights of Englishmen to the colonists
Articles of Confederation First form of government; weak central government
two steps to amend a constitution Propose and ratify
Who proposes a change to the US Constitution? Congress or convention
Who ratifies a change to the US Constitution? the states
Who proposes a change to the Va Constitution? General Assembly
Who ratifies a change to the Va Constitution? Va voters
Bill of Rights 1st 10 amendments
How many amendments does the Constitution have? 27
Who provides for the common defense? the military
What is the purpose of the Preamble? states the goals of the Constitution
What is the purpose of the Constitution? Sets up the structure of our government
to affirm to state
amendment change added to a constitution
articulated stated
concept idea
confederation loose association of states
consent approval
domestic tranquility peace in our country
fundamental basic
grievance complaint
to implement to carry out, to put in use
justice fairness
liberty freedom
on their behalf for them
Preamble 1st paragraph of Constitution
ratification formal approval
right of assembly people may gather peacefully
right of petition right to communicate in writing with the government
statute law
unalienable rights rights that can't be taken away
Created by: NMSElliott