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8th-Unit 3.1 Gov't

SS8CG1-4 Foundations and State Gov't

Georgia State Constitution the document that outlines the rights, rules, regulations, and procedures for Georgia's citizens and government.
articles make up most of the Georgia Constitution; the Georgia Constitution has eleven.
amendment changes made to the Georgia and/or U.S Constitutions; citizens must approve amendments in Georgia through a vote of the citizens.
separation of powers separates branches of government to keep one branch from doing the functions of another branch.
checks and balances allows one branch to veto or change the acts of another branch to keep a branch from having too much.
jury a group of people (usually twelve) sworn to give a verdict in a legal case based on evidence presented to them in court.
Responsibilities of citizens duties that all citizens have; some are mandatory, like a paying taxes and serving on juries; others are voluntary, like voting.
Rights of citizens government protected rights found in the U.S. Bill of Rights and the Georgia Bill of Rights; examples in the Georgia Bill of Rights include trial by jury and hunting and fishing.
Georgia Flag Pledge of Allegiance the three principles in the pledge are wisdom, justice, and moderation.
legislative branch main purpose is to make the laws; made up of the General Assembly, which is divided into the Georgia Senate and Georgia House of Representatives.
revenue money taken in by the state through taxes; most is spent on services for Georgia's citizens; the greatest source is personal income tax.
executive branch main purpose is to enforce laws; made up of the Governor and the Lieutenant Governor.
judicial branch responsible for interpreting the laws, or deciding what the laws mean; judges can be appointed or elected.
civil law laws created to deal with relationships among individuals.
criminal law laws created to protect society from wrong-doers (people accused of doing a crime).
indictment a formal charge of a serious crime; issued by a Grand Jury.
Created by: manleyshms



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