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TExES History

Industrial Revolution

TermDefinition
Industrial Revolution 1820-1920 flow of goods and services inside the United States-they made more than they could sell due to using machines vs. man-made goods
Spanish-American War 1898 Spain vs. U.S.A. in order to keep Spain from taking over Cuba and the Phillipines; Cuba remained independent; the Phillipines were protected/supported by the U.S.A.
World War I 1914-1917 "the war to end all wars" Germany sunk a boat with over 100 Americans, the U.S.A. gets involved in 1917; Germany loses the land they had acquired, reduces aircraft and submarines, and owes $33 million; it ended with the Treaty of Versaille
League of Nations Established after WWI by Pres. Woodrow Wilson; formed to keep peace among the nations; failed due to not being unified
Suffrage 1920 the 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote; Leaders were Elizabeth Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Lucretia Mott
The Great Depression Early 1920s the Stock Market crashed in 1929; many people went bankrupt, into poverty and hardships
World War II 1939-1945 Germany led by Adolf Hitler took over much of Europe; Holocaust occurs-over 11 million (mostly Jews) are killed; West Germany (democracy) and East Germany (Communist) will be divided by the Berlin wall; U.S. and Russia are the Super Powers
The Holocaust German led genocide by A. Hitler; killed 11 million (mostly Jews)
Pearl Harbor & Hiroshima/Nagasaki Japan bombed U.S. forces at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941; US retaliated by dropping atomic bombs and destroying Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan on August 1945; ended World War II when Japan surrendered on Sept. 2, 1945
Winston Churchill British leader/Prime Minister during World War II against Hitler
Adolf Hitler Leader of Germany and the National Socialist Party; created an authoritarian regime; invaded most of Europe; pushed for racial genocide of the Jewish people (11 million were killed)
Franklin D. Roosevelt only American President to serve 4 terms; leader of the US during most of World War II; created the New Deal
The New Deal programs created by Franklin D. Roosevelt to help Americans after WWII-SS; FEMA; AAA, CCC
Harry Truman Roosevelt's Vice President; became president after FDR's death at the end of WWII; bombed Hiroshima/Nagasaki
United Nations created after WWII to maintain world peace by FDR and Harry Truman; still exists today
Korean and Vietnam Wars Korean War (1950-1953); Vietnam War (1957-1975);North Korea and North Vietnam are Communists and want to take control of South Korea and South Vietnam who are a Democracy; US support Democracy and wants to stop the spread of Communism
Civil Rights Movement Almost 100 years later, blacks are still badly treated, segregated, and in low -paying jobs; African-Americans will push for equal rights with a period of civil unrest
Brown vs. Board of Education 1954 Supreme Court rules for desegregation of schools
Segregation vs. Desegregation segregation means to separate according to race; desegregation means that all races will exist in the same place (school)
Emmett Till's Murder 1955 Emmett Till is brutally beaten and killed for whistling at a white woman; his coffin was left opened for the world to see what the white people are doing to the black people
Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955-1956 Started when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger; African American refused to board buses until the segregation ordinance was dropped; the boycott lasted for 381 days (over one year);
Rosa Parks 1955 " Mother of the Civil Rights Movement" ;she refused to give up her seat to a white passenger; blacks had to sit at the back or stand if needed; Rosa was arrested.
Mass Mobilization 1955-1965 Boycotts, strikes, freedom rides, sit-ins, marches were taking place all over the South
March on Washington 1963 over 200,00 people march for freedom and jobs; the march gathered at the front of the Lincoln Memorial (very fitting since Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation); Martin Luther King gave his speech "I Have a Dream"
Martin Luther King Civil Rights Leader who fought for civic change through peaceful demonstrations; he was assassinated in 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee
The Persian Gulf War (1991) Iraq want to take over Kuwait's oil fields; Saddam Hussein, the Iraq leader wants to control the Muslims; Iraq is defeated, U.N. will inspect to assure that Iraqi weapons of mass destruction are destroyed; Saddam Hussein remains in power
Attack on America 911-September 11, 2001 Al Qaeda Terrorist groups hijack 4 planes; two crash into the Twin Towers in New York , 1 crashes on the Pentagon, the 4th crashes in Pennsylvania-it was aimed at the White House; thousands were killed
Result of 911 (Attack on America) President George W. Bush declares war on terrorism; U.S. forces invaded Afghanistan and killed Osama bin Laden (2011), the base of Al Qaeda network; the Department of Homeland Security was created
The War in Iraq 2003-after the Persian Gulf War hostilities continued between U.S. and Iraq. U.S. and other countries attacked Iraq and removed Saddam Hussein (2006); helped to rebuild Iraq with a new, democratic government
Created by: cebarr
 

 



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