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TExES History

Civil War

TermDefinition
Abolitionists those who were against slavery
The Underground Railroad a route to free the slaves from the south to the north; slaves/passenger; helpers/conductors; homes that were helping/stations; Harriett Tubman was once of the greatest conductors during the Civil War period
The Compromise of 1820 and 1860 decision about which states would be slave states and which would be free states as they joined the Union (U.S.)
The Dred Scott Decision Dred Scott, a slave that went North was not automatically free; he was still considered property to his owner
The Lincoln-Douglas Debates debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas about the slavery issue
Secession 1860to leave the Union (U.S.); South Carolina was the first to secede; this is the beginning of tension between the North and the South
Abraham Lincoln 1860-1865 President of the United States during the Civil War; signed the Emancipation Proclamation declaring slaves free; was assassinated at Ford's Theater on April 15, 1865 after the Civil War had ended
Battles during the Civil War Fort Sumter 1861-the South fires at the North; Battle of Bull Run 1861-first major battle of the war; Battle of Antietam 1862-first major battle that took place on Northern soil; Battle of Gettysburg 1863 -bloodiest battle of the war, a Northern victory
Atlanta, Georgia 1864 General Sherman of the North burns Atlanta, Georgia; turning point of the Civil War; the South is losing
Appomattox 1864-Robert E. Lee (South) surrenders to Ullyses Grant (North)
Causes of the Civil War free states vs. slave states; industry vs. agriculture; taxes/trade; paid labor vs. free labor; Union vs. states that want to secede
Results of the Civil War slavery ended; secession was not a choice; U.S. government was reconstructed to change civil rights and citizenship laws
Texas during the Civil War small percentage owned land; few battles were fought on Texas soil
Reconstruction after the Civil War the United States made changes to civil rights and citizenship laws
Amendments addressing Slavery 13th Amendment-freed the slaves; 14th Amendment-gave the slaves citizenship; 15th Amendment-gave slaves the right to vote
Civil Rights Act of 1866 citizenship to all persons born on U.S. soil
Jim Crow laws segregation of public schools
Ku Klux Khan a secret society of white supremacists who acted against African Americans
The Compromise of 1877 ended the Civil War Reconstruction; soldiers from the North returned to the North from the Southern states
Created by: cebarr
 

 



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