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TExES History

French and Indian War/American Revolution

TermDefinition
The French and Indian War 1754-1763: French and Indians against the British; (C) British want land owned by the French; (R) British got French land, England tighten their hold on the 13 colonies
The American Revolution 1776-1785; Britain against the 13 colonies; (C) taxation without representation in Parliament, taxes and many new laws; (R) colonies became independent-U.S.A.; Colonies claimed land East of the Mississippi River and Florida; a new govt. was created
Taxation with Representation the colonies are being taxed, but not allowed to have a representative in the Parliament in England
The Stamp Act 1765-taxes on all printed papers-documents, almanacs, diplomas, etc.
The Townshend Act 1767-taxes on lead, paint, glass, and tea
British Soldiers Boarding Colonial Homes 1768-England ordered colonists to house over 4,000 British soldiers in their colonial homes
Boston Massacre March 5, 1770-British and colonists argue; there is a snowball fight; 5 colonists are killed by British soldiers
Boston Tea Party 1773- Colonists dressed like Indians and dumped 342 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor to protest the tax on tea
Intolerable Acts strict laws handed down by King George to punish the colonists; colonists meet at the First and Second Continental Congress to discuss a revolution; led by George Washington
Results of the American Revolution the colonies become independent/the U.S.A.; Britain gives up the land, plus the land east of the Mississippi River and Florida
The Declaration of Independence addresses Civil Rights; Government is formed to not repeat insults, taxation, and abuse from Britain
The Articles of Confederation First American Constitution; a weak central government; each state made their own decisions; lacked unity
The Constitution Highest law in the U.S.A.; shares power between national government and state government; three branches of government; created a system of checks and balances
Three Branches of Government Executive-President; Legislative-Congress: House of Representatives and Senate; Judicial-the Supreme Court
Checks and Balances the Legislative and Judicial branches check on the Executive; the Executive and Legislative branches check on the Judicial branch; the Executive and Judicial branches check on the Legislative branch
The Bill of Rights guarantees the rights of the people-freedom of speech, freedom of press; freedom of religion, etc.
General Cornwallis 1781-British General Cornwallis surrenders to George Washington in Yorktown signing the Treaty of Paris in 1783 to end the American Revolution
General George Washington leader during the American Revolution; made the British General Cornwallis surrender in Yorktown; became the 1st President of the United States of America.
The War of 1812 Britain/France vs. U.S.A.; British captured and burned Washington, D.C.; they interfered with USA trade; US wanted new territories in Canada (British) and Florida (Spain)
War of 1812 Results USA industry flourished because they started making their own products and trading less with other countries; England recognized their boundaries; USA was recognized by other countries as a country that can defend itself
Created by: cebarr
 

 



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