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TermDefinition
U.S. Constitution The Constitution of the United States established America's national government and basic laws, and ensured certain rights for its citizens.
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments of the Constitution adopted in 1791 to preserve the rights and liberties of individuals
1st Amendment Freedom of speech, religion, press, assemble, and petition
2nd Amendment The right to bear arms
3rd Amendment The right to not quarter soldiers unless consent is given
4th Amendment The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures
5th Amendment The right to be silent
6th Amendment The right to a speedy trial
7th Amendment The right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States.
8th Amendment The right to not have cruel and unusual punishments
10th Amendment Any power not given to federal government is given to the states or the people.
13th Amendment No slavery or involuntary servitude
14th Amendment Everyone born in America is granted citizenship including the recently freed slaves
15th Amendment The right to vote shall not be denied no matter what the circumstances are.
Pacific Railroad Act A series of acts that pushed the construction of the transcontinental railroad
Homestead Act Where several laws were made so people can acquire land given by the government
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers.
Munn vs. Illinois Munn v. Illinois, 94 U.S. 113, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court upheld the power of state governments to regulate private industries that affect "the common good".
Dawes Act The Dawes Act of 1887, authorized the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it up into reservations.
Interstate commerce act The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 is a United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices.
Sherman Antitrust act Regulates competition among enterprises.
16th Amendment The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
17th Amendment It gives voters the power to directly elect their senators. It also states that the U.S. Senate includes two senators from each state, and that each senator has one vote in the Senate.
18th Amendment Prohibition of alcohol.
19th Amendment Provides men and women with equal voting rights.
Pendleton Act The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1883 that mandated that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.
Pure food and Drug Act The first of a series of significant consumer protection laws.
Clayton Antitrust Act A part of United States antitrust law with the goal of adding further substance to the U.S. antitrust law regime.
Open Door Policy A term in foreign affairs initially used to refer to the United States policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century that would allow for a system of trade in China open to all countries equally.
Roosevelt Corollary The Roosevelt Corollary was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine articulated by President Theodore Roosevelt in his State of the Union address in 1904 after the Venezuela Crisis of 1902–03.
Executive Order 9066 was a United States presidential executive order signed and issued during World War II by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942.
Federal Reserve Act of 1913 The law that created the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States.
Selective Service Act authorized the United States federal government to raise a national army for service in World War I through conscription.
Social Security Act established a system of old-age benefits for workers, benefits for victims of industrial accidents, unemployment insurance, aid for dependent mothers and children, the blind, and the physically handicapped
Agricultural Adjustment Act was a United States federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses. The Government bought livestock for slaughter and paid farmers subsidies not to plant on part of their land.
Plessy v. Ferguson was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court issued in 1896. It upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality
Schenck v. United States was a landmark United States Supreme Court case concerning enforcement of the Espionage Act of 1917 during World War I.
Scopes Trial formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in July 1925 in which a substitute high
Sacco and Vanzetti Trials Were guilty as charged or whether they were innocent victims of a prejudiced legal system and a mishandled trial.
The New Deal TVA WPA CCC Roosevelt signed the Tennessee Valley Authority Act on May 18, 1933. The TVA Act established the Tennessee Valley Authority. The TVA is one of Roosevelt's New Deal “alphabet agencies” (others include the WPA and the CCC).
Cash and Carry was a policy requested by US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt at a special session of the United States Congress on September 21, 1939, subsequent to the outbreak of war in Europe.
Lend-Lease was the principal means for providing U.S. military aid to foreign nations during World War II.
American Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 on June 2, 1924, Congress granted citizenship to all Native Americans born in the U.S. Yet even after theIndian Citizenship Act, some Native Americans weren't allowed to vote because the right to vote was governed by state law.
21st Amendment The movement reached its apex in 1920 when Congress ratified the 18thAmendment, prohibiting the manufacture, transportation and sale of intoxicating liquors.
22nd Amendment No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President
24th Amendment The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President for electors for President or Vice President
26th Amendment The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
Marshall Plan was an American initiative passed in 1948 to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $12 billion (nearly $100 billion in 2018 US dollars) in economic assistance to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II.
Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy whose stated purpose was to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War.
War Powers Act is a federal law intended to check the president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution enacted August 10, 1964, was a joint resolution that the United States Congress passed on August 7, 1964, in response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
Voting Rights Act of 1965 It outlawed the discriminatory voting practices adopted in many southern states after the Civil War, including literacy tests as a prerequisite to voting.
Equal Rights Amendment a proposed amendment to the US Constitution stating that civil rights may not be denied on the basis of one's sex.
USA PATRIOT Act To view this law in its entirety, click on the USA PATRIOT Act link below.
SALT I and SALT II The first agreements, known as SALT I and SALT II, were signed by the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1972 and 1979
Title IX (“Title Nine”) No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”
NAFTA is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
GI Bill The benefit is designed to help servicemembers and eligible veterans cover the costs associated with getting an education or training.
Created by: DylanBeamsley