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vocab

TermDefinition
Bedouins Small groups of nomadic people in Arabia.
Muhammad Prophet of Islam whom Muslims recognise.
Hegira Mohammad's journey from Mecca to Medina.
Islam A monotheistic religion whose prophet is Muhammad and whose holy book is the Qur'an; the term means "achieving peace through surrender to God.
Muslims Muslims are people who follow or practice Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion. Muslims consider the Qur'an, their holy book, to be the verbatim word of God as revealed to the Islamic prophet and messenger Muhammad.
Qur'an the sacred text of Islam.
Five Pillars of Islam behaviors and obligations that are common to all Muslims, which include the profession of faith
Mosque A mosque is a place of worship for Muslims.
Jihad struggle for the faith
Abu Bakr first Muslim caliph as a close companion and successor to Muhammad
Caliph "successor to the Prophet; title given to the political and religious leader of Muslims.
Caliphate Area ruled by a caliph.
Umayyad first ruling dynasty over the Muslim Caliphate.
Sunnis Sunni Islam is the largest denomination of Islam, followed by nearly 90% of the world's Muslims. Its name comes from the word sunnah, referring to the behaviour of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Shia one of the two main branches of Islam, followed especially in Iran, that rejects the first three Sunni caliphs and regards Ali, the fourth caliph, as Muhammad's first true successor.
Sufis a Muslim ascetic and mystic.
Abbasid relating to a dynasty of caliphs who ruled in Baghdad from 750 to 1258. a member of the Abbasid dynasty.
Harun al-Rashid Harun al-Rashid was the fifth Abbasid Caliph. His birth date is debated, with various sources giving dates from 763 to 766.
Ghazis a Muslim fighter against non-Muslims.
Ottomans also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Sultan a Muslim sovereign.
Janissaries a member of the Turkish infantry forming the Sultan's guard between the 14th and 19th centuries. a devoted follower or supporter.
Mehmed II Mehmed II, also known as The Conqueror is one of the famous sultans of Ottoman Empire with his intelligence. Mehmed II ruled the Ottoman for a brief time, from 1444 to 1446. according to Ottoman historians he was speaking seven languages fluently.
Suleyman I Suleiman I, commonly known as Suleiman the Magnificent in the West and Kanunî Sultan Süleyman in his realm, was the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1520 until his death in 1566. Under his administration.
Shah a title of the former monarch of Iran.
Abbas shah of the Safavid empire in persia from 1588 to 1629.
Babur was the founder and first Emperor of the Mughal dynasty in India.
Mughal Empire The Mughal Empire or Mogul Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526.
Akbar the Great Mughal emperor of India, he ruled from 1556 to 1605
Sikhism meaning a "disciple", "seeker," or "learner" is a religion that originated in the Punjab region in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent around the end of the 15th century, and has variously been defined as monotheistic, monistic and panentheistic.
Shah Jahan Jahan, was the fifth Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1628 to 1658.
Taj Mahal The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra
Aurangzeb was the sixth Mughal emperor, who reigned for a period of 49 years from 1658 until his death in 1707. He is widely considered to be the last effective Mughal emperor.
Created by: brandoncoppinger
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