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Hobbes and Locke:the end of divine right monarchy and a confessional state
|Born in 1588 met figures like Francis Bacon and Galileo. His work questioned the Divine right of Kings arguing the right rule was not granted by God but through a social contract.
|Contractual theory of government Equality of man Popular sovereignty The law of nature Right of resistance
|Contractual theory of government
|A contract in place between monarch and people to prevent royal absolutism
|Equality of man
|all men deserved to be treated equal, no matter their status.
|power was held by the people.
|The law of nature
|Certain rights and values were inherently set by nature, meaning that a monarch could not be absolutist
|Right of resistance
|people had the right to resist a monarch acting tyrannically
|England was the first country where monarchs (William III and Mary II) would accept to rule in accordance with the laws of parliament
|Toleration Act of 1689
|exempted dissenters from penal laws if they took an oath of allegiance.
|Power of the monarch
|Head of state and also Head of the Protestant state church.