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Britain 1625-88

Hobbes and Locke:the end of divine right monarchy and a confessional state

QuestionAnswer
Thomas Hobbes Born in 1588 met figures like Francis Bacon and Galileo. His work questioned the Divine right of Kings arguing the right rule was not granted by God but through a social contract.
John Locke Contractual theory of government Equality of man Popular sovereignty The law of nature Right of resistance
Contractual theory of government A contract in place between monarch and people to prevent royal absolutism
Equality of man all men deserved to be treated equal, no matter their status.
Popular sovereignty power was held by the people.
The law of nature Certain rights and values were inherently set by nature, meaning that a monarch could not be absolutist
Right of resistance people had the right to resist a monarch acting tyrannically
Glorious revolution England was the first country where monarchs (William III and Mary II) would accept to rule in accordance with the laws of parliament
Toleration Act of 1689 exempted dissenters from penal laws if they took an oath of allegiance.
Power of the monarch Head of state and also Head of the Protestant state church.
Created by: Haribro