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seventh grade social studies exam- Rausch

Peninsula area of land surrounded on 3 sides by water (ex: Florida)
Primary source original or direct evidence of an event, idea, period, or development (ex: diary, letter, photograph, song)
Secondary source an explanation or interpretation of an event, idea, period, or development (ex: textbook, magazines)
Artifact a tool or other object made by humans
Archaeologists scientists who study the human past by examining the things people left behind
Free enterprise the freedom of private business to operate with minimal government regulation
Economics the study of how people make and consume goods and services (how they make money)
Supply and demand the economic relationship between the amount of goods available and the willingness of people to buy them (generally, if there are a lot of goods, the price goes down – if there are few goods, the price goes up)
Bering Land Bridge (Berengia) first Americans migrated across this land from Asia, formed during Ice Age – now covered by the Bering Sea
Maya early Native American civilization located in southern Mexico and Central America – highly developed – astronomy, calendar
Aztec early Native American civilization located in central Mexico – highly developed
Native Americans adapt to their environment homes and food sources were based on natural resources that were available in each region (ex: Inuit made their homes from ice and ate fish and sea mammals)
Iroquois Confederation league formed by Mohawks, Onondagas, Oneidas, Cayugas, and Senecas to promote peace among themselves – became a powerful force
Longhouse bark-covered home used by Eastern Woodlands native groups
Northwest Passage water route to Asia through North America sought by European explorers – never found
Effects of European diseases millions of Native Americans died, some culture groups were totally wiped out
Mayflower Compact formal document written in 1620, provided laws for Plymouth colony
New France fur-trading post that became the first permanent French settlement in North America
Triangular Trade trade route that that exchanged goods between the West Indies, the American colonies, and West Africa
Navigation Acts series of laws passed by Parliament, beginning in 1651, to make sure that England made money from its colonies trade
Mercantilism economic system in which nations increase their wealth and power by establishing a favorable trade balance
French and Indian War conflict in North America from 1754-1763 between France and England – English won French territories in North America
Albany Plan of Union first formal proposal to unite the American colonies, written by Ben Franklin during French and Indian War
Representative government people are elected to represent their community in government
“No Taxation without Representation” American colonists protested the taxes passed by Parliament because they had no one representing them in Parliament (English law guaranteed them the right to representation)
Boycott refusal to buy or use certain goods or services - a protest against ideas or policies
Boston Tea Party 1773 American colonists (Sons of Liberty) protested against the Tea Act – dumped English tea from ships
Boston Massacre 1770 confrontation between Boston colonists and British soldiers – 5 colonists were killed – used as propaganda to promote anti-British feelings
Declaration of Independence document written in 1776, in which colonies declared their independence from England, explained to the world the reasons for rebellion
Manifest destiny belief that the U.S. was destined to stretch across the continent – justified taking more territory from Native Americans
Louisiana Purchase 1803 U.S. purchased Louisiana Territory from France – doubled the size of the nation
Louis and Clark hired by President Jefferson to explore Louisiana Territory – wrote detailed diaries about land, people, plants and animals
Andrew Jackson President (1829-1837) – many changes in government policy – felt Native Americans should be treated as a conquered people
Trail of Tears 1838 tragic journey of Cherokee people from their homeland to Indian Territory – thousands died – result of Andrew Jackson’s policy and Indian Removal Act
Mexican War conflict over land – U.S. gained Texas and Mexican Cession (became New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming)
California Gold Rush in 1849 thousands of people rushed out west to California to get rich quick – responsible for rapid rise in population growth of the western territories
Created by: lmajor