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Praxis II 0014 poetr

poetry terms for LA test

rhyme a technique of poetry that is a scheme of how words are organized into patterns. Includes internal and external; ex. aa bb cc or ab ab ab
meter the rhythm of the poem; the accented and unaccented syllables
alliteration a repetition of the beginning consonant sound
assonance a repetition of vowel sounds, ex. whats the story morning glory
consonance a repetition of consonant sounds anywhere within words ex. bobo boxed baby's blue baboon
foot a poetic structure that is one unit of a meter; 5 types: iambic, trochaic, spondaic, anapestic, dactylic
iambic unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable (da-dum, da-dum)
trochaic an accented syllable followed by an unaccented syllable (dum-da, dum-da)
spondaic two accented syllables (dum-dum, dum-dum)
anapestic two unaccented syllables followed by an accented syllable (da-da-dum, da-da-dum)
dactylic an accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables (dum-da-da, dum-da-da)
verse a line of poetry written in meter and named for the number of feet per line. there are eight common types of verse (monometer, dimiter, trimeter, tertameter, pentameter, hexameter, heptameter, octometer)
stanza the sections or lines of a poem. There are six common stanzas (couplet, triplet, quatrain, sestet, septet, ocatane)
ballad a poem that tells a story usually written in quatrains. The pattern is first and third lines are four accented syllables and the second and fourth lines are three accented syllables
blank verse a poem that is unrhymed but has meter. Each line is usually 10 syllables and in iambic meter
cinquain poems that are five lines in length. There can be both syllable and word cinquains
elegy a poem about death or the sadness related to the death of an important person to the author
epic a poem of lengthy proportions that is a story or tells the adventures of a hero; it must have a hero and villain
free verse a poem without meter or rhyme scheme
Haiku a form of Japanese poetry often about nature. It contains stanzas of three lines with 5, 7 5 syllables
limerick a humorous poem of five lines. Lines 1, 2 and 5 rhyme and lines 3 and 4 rhyme. The syllables are 9, 9, 5, 5, 9.
lyric a short poem with personal feeling; most often put to music
ode long lyric with much imagery and full of poetic devices
sonnet a 14-line poem that states the poet's personal feelings.
Shakespearean (English) sonnet has three quatrains (four lines), a rhymed couplets with a rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg
Petrarchan (Italian) sonnet has an octave (eight lines) and a sestet (six lines) with a rhyme scheme of abbaabba and cdecde, cdccdc, or cdedce
Created by: allie424