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Chapter 6

TermDefinition
Republic a political system in which citizens of a region elect representatives to run the government
Patricians a class of powerful landowners in ancient Rome who controlled the government and society
Plebeians farmers or workers, who made up a large part of the population in ancient Rome
Veto ban
Forum the assembly of an ancient Roman city
Constitution a political structure
Senate a body of legislators
Consuls the chief executives elected to run the government in ancient Rome
Dictator a political leader holding unlimited power
Gracchi famous influencer who was a Roman statesman, he also helped ex-soldiers
Gaius Marius Roman general and politician; he eliminated property restrictions for acceptance into the army
Lucius Cornelius Sulla Roman general and politician
Julius Caesar Roman general and one of the greatest military leaders in history
Triumvirate a ruling body of three members
Augustus First emperor of Rome; he established the Second Triumvirate with Mark Anthony
Pax Romana a period of peace in Roman Empire lasting from the beginning of AugustusĀ“s reign until the death of Marcus Aurelius
Villa a home in the country
Circus the site of chariots races in ancient Rome
Paterfamilias the family father
Augurs priests in ancient Rome who specialized in interpretation of the natural phenomena sent by the gods
Galen Greek physician; he wrote several volumes that summarized all the medical knowledge of his day
Ptolemy One of Alexander the Greats generals, he founded a dynasty that ruled Egypt for nearly 300 years
Aqueducts man made channels used to transport water; ancient Romans built impressive aqueducts
Latin the language of ancient Rome
Civil Law a form of law based on a written code of laws
Christianity a religion based on the teaching of Jesus of Nazareth
Messiah in Judaism, a savior sent by God
Jesus of Nazareth First-Century Jewish teacher
Disciples followers of Jesus
Apostles the 12 chosen disciples of Jesus; they were the first Christians missionaries
Martyrs people put to death due to their beliefs
Paul Apostle to the Gentiles; he worked to spread Jesus' teachings
Eucharist a ceremony of some Christian denominations that commemorates Jesus' last supper
Bishop a high-ranking church official who oversees a group of churches in a particular region or city
Popes title given to the heads of the Roman Catholic Church
Inflation increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money
Diocletian Roman Emperor from 284 to 305; he divided the Roman Empire into eastern and western halves
Attila King of Huns from 434 to 453
Created by: jaqwann001