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ch.6

vocab

TermDefinition
republic A Political system in which the citizens of a region elect representatives to run the government.
patrician A class of power landowners in ancient Rome who controlled the government and society
plebeians farmers or workers; most of ancient Romes population
veto ban
forum the assembly place of ancient Rome
constitution a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.
senate a body of legislators
consuls one of the two annually elected chief magistrates who jointly ruled the republic.
dictator a chief magistrate with absolute power, appointed in an emergency.
Gracchi The Gracchi brothers, Tiberius and Gaius, were Romans who both served as tribunes in the late 2nd century BC. They attempted to pass land reform legislation that would redistribute the major aristocratic landholdings among the urban poor and veterans.
Gaius Marius Gaius Marius was a Roman general and statesman. He held the office of consul an unprecedented seven times during his career.
Lucius Cornelius Sulla Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix, known commonly as Sulla, was a Roman general and statesman. He had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice. Sulla was a skillful general, achieving numerous successes in wars against different opponents
Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar, known by his nomen and cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician, military general, and historian who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire
triumvirate a group of three men holding power, in particular ( the First Triumvirate ) the unofficial coalition of Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus in 60 BC and ( the Second Triumvirate ) a coalition formed by Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian in 43 BC.
augustus Augustus was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Pax Romana A period of peace in the roman empire
villa a large country house of Roman times, having an estate and consisting of farm and residential buildings arranged around a courtyard.
circuses a rounded or oblong arena lined with tiers of seats, used for equestrian and other sports and games.
paterfamilias the family father
augurs Priests in ancient Rome who specialized in interpretations of the natural phenomena sent by the gods
Galen Aelius Galenus or Claudius Galenus, often Anglicized as Galen and better known as Galen of Pergamon, was a Greek physician, surgeon and philosopher in the Roman Empire
Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemy was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer and astrologer. He lived in the city of Alexandria in the Roman province of Egypt, wrote in Koine Greek, and held Roman citizenship.
aquaducts man made channels used to transport water
Latin the language of ancient Rome and its empire
civil law the system of law concerned with private relations between members of a community rather than criminal, military, or religious affairs
Christianity the religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices.
Messiah the promised deliverer of the Jewish nation prophesied in the Hebrew Bible.
Jesus of Nazareth Jesus of Nazareth, Jesus of Galilee or simply “Christ”, was a Jewish religious leader who became a central figure in Christianity, regarded by most Christian branches as God himself.
disciples a follower or student of a teacher, leader, or philosopher.
Apostles were the primary disciples of Jesus, the central figure in Christianity.
Martyrs a person who is killed because of their religious or other beliefs.
Paul Paul was an important leader of the early Christian church. According to Acts in the New Testament, he was a Jewish Roman citizen who converted to Christianity after the resurrected Jesus appeared to him.
Eucharist the Christian ceremony commemorating the Last Supper, in which bread and wine are consecrated and consumed.
bishop a senior member of the Christian clergy, usually in charge of a diocese and empowered to confer holy orders.
popes titles given to the head of the Roman Catholic Church
Inflation Inflation in Rome was just like a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money.
Diocletian Roman Emperor who when faced with military problems decided in 286 to divide the Roman Empire between himself in the east and Maximian in the west; he initiated the last persecution of the Christians in 303 (245-313)
Attila Attila, frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453. He was also the leader of a tribal empire consisting of Huns, Ostrogoths, and Alans among others, in Central and Eastern Europe.
Created by: brandoncoppinger
 

 



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