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USHIST.IMPRLSM 2019

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian U.S. History "Imperialism" Test Flashcards 2019

QuestionAnswer
What 3 problems did "muckrakers" try to expose and investigate? 1.) Unfair practices of large companies; 2.) Government problems; 3.) Social problems.
What does the term "imperialism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the economic and political domination of a strong nation over weaker ones".
How do "protectorates" work? The imperial power allows local rulers to stay in control & protects them against rebellions & invasions.
What does the term "Anglo - Saxonism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to ideas proposed by writer & historian John Fiske that included the idea that English-speaking nations had superior character, ideas, & systems of government.
Who completed a naval expedition to Japan to negotiate a trade treaty in 1852? Commodore Matthew C. Perry did this.
List two (2) things that Japan decided to do as a result of negotiating a treaty with the United States in 1853. 1.) Adopt Western technology; 2.) Launch their own industrial revolution.
Who was Queen Liliuokalani? She was Hawaiian queen who was forced to step down by a group of planters who were supported by U.S. Marines in 1893.
What happened in Hawaiian history on August 12, 1898? The United States officially annexed Hawaii on this date.
Why did Queen Liliuokalani agree to sign the document that officially abdicated (i.e. "gave up") her throne? She did this because the U.S. Marines stated they would execute 6 of her people if she did not sign the document.
What does the term "Pan Americanism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the idea that the United States and Latin America should work together".
What does the term "yellow journalism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "sensationalist reporting in newspapers used to attract readers" in the late 1800's.
Who was William Randolph Hearst? He was the owner of one of the nation's largest newspapers, the "New York Journal".
Who was Joseph Pulitzer? He was the owner of one of the nation's largest newspapers, the "New York World".
What does the term "autonomy" mean/refer to? This term refers to the right of a country to govern itself.
What does the term "jingoism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "aggressive nationalism".
What was the purpose of the Platt Amendment? The purpose of this law was to attach conditions to Cuba's ability to become part of the U.S.
List two (2) of the provisions of the Platt Amendment. 1.) Cuba could not make any treaty with another nation that would weaken its independence; 2.) Cuba had to allow the U.S. to buy or lease naval stations in Cuba.
What did the Foraker Act do/ provide for? This law established a civil government for Cuba in 1900.
What does the term "sphere of influence" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an area where a foreign nation controls economic development such as railroad construction & mining".
What does the term "Open Door Policy" mean/ refer to? This term refers to President McKinley's policy that all countries should be allowed to trade with China.
What was the "Boxer Rebellion"? This was when a group called the Society of Harmonious Fists (supported by some Chinese troops) seized control of foreign embassies in Beijing and Tianjin in 1900.
What did the "Hay-Pauncefote Treaty" do/provide for? This treaty "gave the U.S. the exclusive right to build any proposed canal through Central America".
What does the term "guerrillas" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an armed band of soldiers that uses surprise attacks and sabotage rather than open warfare" in battle.
What does the term "muckrakers" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "crusading journalists who investigated social conditions & political corruption". President Theodore Roosevelt was the first to use this term.
What does the term "referendum" mean/ refer to? This term means allowing citizens to vote on proposed laws directly without going to the legislature.
What did the 18th Amendment do/ provide for? This Amendment stated that it was illegal to manufacture. sell, or transport alcohol within the borders of the U.S.
What did the 19th Amendment do/ provide for? This Amendment granted women the right to vote.
What does the term "Square Deal" mean/refer to? This term was the nickname given to President Theodore Roosevelt's reform programs.
How did President Taft help conservation efforts and child labor problems? He set up the Bureau of Mines to monitor mining companies, expanded national forests, & protected waterpower sites. He also established the Children's Bureau to investigate & publicize problems of child labor.
What does the term "New Nationalism" mean/ refer to? This was the term given to Theodore Roosevelt's program of reforms he supported while campaigning for re-election in 1912.
What does the term "New Freedom" mean/ refer to? This was the term given to Woodrow Wilson's reform programs during the 1912 presidential campaign.
What was the "Federal Reserve Act"? This law created 12 regional banks to be supervised by a Board of Governors, who were appointed by the president. It allowed supervision of the banking system.
What is the "Federal Trade Commission"? This group monitors American business. It can investigate companies and issue "cease and desist" orders against any companies engaging in "unfair trade practices".
What does the term "Open Door Policy" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the plan - supported by the United States - that stated all countries should should be allowed to trade with China.
Why were Russia - and several other western nations - nervous after the 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894)? They were nervous about Japan's rising power.
What happened as a result of the 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894)? 1.) Other countries realized that China wasn't as strong as they first thought; 2.) Japan had mastered western technology.
List two (2) things that we learned about President Theodore Roosevelt. 1.) He became president after President McKinley died from wounds during an assassination attempt; 2.) He supported the Open Door Policy.
How did the United States secure rights for building the Panama Canal? The U.S. did this by taking the project over after France abandoned it due to disease (malaria) and bankruptcy.
What was the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty? This gave the U.S. exclusive rights to build the Panama Canal.
How many miles (or nautical miles) were saved when the Panama Canal was built? 8,000 nautical miles - or 9,200 miles.
What was the "Roosevelt Corollary (to the Monroe Doctrine)"? This was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine that stated the U.S. would intervene in Latin America to prevent military intervention by western nations.
What does the term "guerilla" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an armed band that uses surprise attacks and sabotage rather than open warfare".
Who was Pancho Villa? He was the leader of a group of "guerilla" fighters who attacked Columbus, New Mexico and killed 16 Americans in March, 1916.
What was the reason that the 1st Sino-Japanese War was fought? This war was fought over control of Korea.
What did President Theodore Roosevelt believe where foreign policy was concerned? He believed that the U.S. should "help shape the less civilized nations of the world".
Who were the "Boxers"? This was the nickname given to the Society of Harmonious Fists in China.
What was the "Boxer Rebellion"? This was a revolt that took place in China. The "Boxers" and some Chinese soldiers attacked western embassies, killing the German ambassador. Their goal was to "drive out foreigners".
How did the "Boxer Rebellion" end? This ended when the U.S. and 7 other western nations sent troops in to stop the rebellion, which they did successfully.
What did Secretary of State John Hay state regarding debts for damages that China caused during the "Boxer Rebellion"? He stated that the western nations should accept monetary payment instead of dividing up China's land for damages caused during this.
What does the term "sphere of influence" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an area where a foreign nation controls economic development such as railroad construction and mining".
Created by: sticklerpjpII
 

 



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