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USHIST. UNIT 7 2018

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian U.S. History Unit 7 Test Flashcards 2018

QuestionAnswer
What does the term "direct primary" mean/ refer to? This term refers to a system in which "all party members could vote for a candidate to run in the general election". (SQR2; Justin & Ethan)
What does the term "suffrage" mean/ refer to? This term means "the right to vote". (SQR2; Cade & Gabe)
What 5 things did the application of scientific knowledge produce? 1.) Light bulb; 2.) telephone; 3.) Automobile; 4.) Skyscrapers; 5.) Railroad. (SQR2; Tanner & Brackan)
What did the first commission plan cause? This "divided the city government into several departments". (SQR2; Landan & Brianna)
When did the Senate pass the 19th Amendment? This was passed in June, 1919. (SQR2; Abby, Gavin, & Vanessa)
What 3 problems did "muckrakers" try to expose and investigate? 1.) Unfair practices of large companies; 2.) Government problems; 3.) Social problems. (SQR2; Brent & Briyah)
What does the term "imperialism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the economic and political domination of a strong nation over weaker ones".
How do "protectorates" work? The imperial power allows local rulers to stay in control & protects them against rebellions & invasions.
What does the term "Anglo - Saxonism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to ideas proposed by writer & historian John Fiske that included the idea that English-speaking nations had superior character, ideas, & systems of government.
Who completed a naval expedition to Japan to negotiate a trade treaty in 1852? Commodore Matthew C. Perry did this.
List two (2) things that Japan decided to do as a result of negotiating a treaty with the United States in 1853. 1.) Adopt Western technology; 2.) Launch their own industrial revolution.
Who was Queen Liliuokalani? She was Hawaiian queen who was forced to step down by a group of planters who were supported by U.S. Marines in 1893.
What happened in Hawaiian history on August 12, 1898? The United States officially annexed Hawaii on this date.
Why did Queen Liliuokalani agree to sign the document that officially abdicated (i.e. "gave up") her throne? She did this because the U.S. Marines stated they would execute 6 of her people if she did not sign the document.
According to the article we read by Jacob Riis titled "Ethnic Groups in Tenements", what do New Yorkers call people who live in tenements? New Yorkers called this group of people "the poor" in the late 1800's.
According to the article we read by Jacob Riis titled "Ethnic Groups in Tenements", why are German immigrants to New York City "able to "resist the leveling tendency" of "life in tenements"? This group of people was able to do this because they have a very good sense of humor and are able to make light of the situation, even though it is very bad.
What does the term "Pan Americanism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the idea that the United States and Latin America should work together".
What does the term "yellow journalism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "sensationalist reporting in newspapers used to attract readers" in the late 1800's.
Who was William Randolph Hearst? He was the owner of one of the nation's largest newspapers, the "New York Journal".
Who was Joseph Pulitzer? He was the owner of one of the nation's largest newspapers, the "New York World".
What does the term "autonomy" mean/refer to? This term refers to the right of a country to govern itself.
What does the term "jingoism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "aggressive nationalism".
What was the purpose of the Platt Amendment? The purpose of this law was to attach conditions to Cuba's ability to become part of the U.S.
List two (2) of the provisions of the Platt Amendment. 1.) Cuba could not make any treaty with another nation that would weaken its independence; 2.) Cuba had to allow the U.S. to buy or lease naval stations in Cuba.
What did the Foraker Act do/ provide for? This law established a civil government for Cuba in 1900.
What does the term "sphere of influence" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an area where a foreign nation controls economic development such as railroad construction & mining".
What does the term "Open Door Policy" mean/ refer to? This term refers to President McKinley's policy that all countries should be allowed to trade with China.
What was the "Boxer Rebellion"? This was when a group called the Society of Harmonious Fists (supported by some Chinese troops) seized control of foreign embassies in Beijing and Tianjin in 1900.
What did the "Hay-Pauncefote Treaty" do/provide for? This treaty "gave the U.S. the exclusive right to build any proposed canal through Central America".
What does the term "guerrillas" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "an armed band of soldiers that uses surprise attacks and sabotage rather than open warfare" in battle.
What does the term "muckrakers" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "crusading journalists who investigated social conditions & political corruption". President Theodore Roosevelt was the first to use this term.
What does the term "referendum" mean/ refer to? This term means allowing citizens to vote on proposed laws directly without going to the legislature.
What did the 18th Amendment do/ provide for? This Amendment stated that it was illegal to manufacture. sell, or transport alcohol within the borders of the U.S.
What did the 19th Amendment do/ provide for? This Amendment granted women the right to vote.
What does the term "Square Deal" mean/refer to? This term was the nickname given to President Theodore Roosevelt's reform programs.
Who were the United Mine Workers (UMW)? This was a labor union that represented coal miners in eastern Pennsylvania. They launched a strike in 1902.
What is the Pure Food and Drug Act? This is a law that prohibits the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure or falsely labeled food and drugs.
What was the "Children's Bureau"? This was a government agency that investigated and publicized the problems of child labor in the early 1900's.
How did President Taft help conservation efforts and child labor problems? He set up the Bureau of Mines to monitor mining companies, expanded national forests, & protected waterpower sites. He also established the Children's Bureau to investigate & publicize problems of child labor.
What does the term "New Nationalism" mean/ refer to? This was the term given to Theodore Roosevelt's program of reforms he supported while campaigning for re-election in 1912.
What does the term "New Freedom" mean/ refer to? This was the term given to Woodrow Wilson's reform programs during the 1912 presidential campaign.
What was the "Federal Reserve Act"? This law created 12 regional banks to be supervised by a Board of Governors, who were appointed by the president. It allowed supervision of the banking system.
What is the "Federal Trade Commission"? This group monitors American business. It can investigate companies and issue "cease and desist" orders against any companies engaging in "unfair trade practices".
What is the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People? This is an organization that was founded in 1909 by W.E.B. Du Bois and several others. The group was founded with the purpose of attaining equal voting rights for African Americans in order to help end lynching and racial discrimination.
Created by: sticklerpjpII