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Church history Peeps

church history people

QuestionAnswer
Clement of Rome EC a. 4th bishop of Rome b. Wrote 1 Clement
polycarp EC a. Bishop of Smyrna b. Martyred c. Disciple of John
Justin Martyr EC a. Great apologist b. Philosopher who converted later in life c. Adopted Greek Philosophy with his theology d. Wrote First Apology to Emperor Pius and Marcus Aurelius in defense of Christianity
Irenaeus EC a. apologist, but systematic theologian b. Disciple of Polycarp c. Bishop of Lyons d. Fought against Gnosticism with Tertullian e. Used Canon, creed, and apostolic succession to fight heresy
Origen EC a. First systematic theologian b. Hugely prolific writer c. Author of the hexapla
Tertullian EC a. first great western, Latin speaking theologian. b. “The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church” c. “What does Athens have to do with Jerusalem?” d. Coined the word “trinity”
Council of Nicea 325 - Jesus is God
Council of Constantinople 381 - Jesus reall is God and the Holy spirit is too
Council of Ephesus 431 - Jesus was human
Council of Chalcedon 451 - Leo's tome, Christology and two natures of Christ established
Constantine IC a. Roman emperor who halted the persecution of Christians b. Hosted council of nicea c. Moved capital city from rome to constantinople
Arius IC a. Heretic who argued that there was a time when the word was not. Disciple of Bishop Alexander of Alexandria who later excommunicated him. Theology was denounced at council of nicea
Athanasius IC a. Bishop of Alexandria. b. At nicea as a scribe c. Main opponent to arianism
Antony IC a. One of the first monks b. Athanasius wrote a biography of him
Basil of Caesarea (Basil the Great) IC a. One of the Cappadocian fathers b. He succeeded Eusebius as bishop in Caesarea (370) and was a leading figure in the fight against Arianism after Nicea. c. He was also a key figure in the development of cenobitic monasticism.
Gregory Nazianzus IC a. Another cappadocian father b. Bishop of Constantinople, and theologian
Augustine IC a. Confession, city of God, bishop of Hippo b. Most deeply influential theologian of history
Chrysostom IC a. Constantinople bishop b. Greatest early church preacher c. Preached against sin in government, the church, and society. Got in trouble for it. d. Chrysostom means golden mouth in greek
Jerome IC a. Wrote the vulgate b. Regarded as the greatest Christian scholar of his time and an ascetic who lived primarily in Rome and Palestine
Leo the Great IC a. Wrote Leo’s Tome about Christology, heavily influenced the council of Chalcedon.
Gregory the Great MC a. First real pope b. Made a deal with the Germanic “barbanians” established papal authority, although rejecting the title
Charlemagne MC a. crowned by Leo III in 800 AD b. First Christian Roman Emperor c. like Constantine, a benevolent ruler using his political power to further the cause of Christendom d. Forged an alliance between Rome and the strongest political power of Europe
Anselm MC a. Archbishop of Canterbury b. he insisted that faith take priority over reason - “Faith seeking Understanding.” c. Wrote an ontological proof for God
St. Francis MC a. Started the Franciscans b. Son of a wealthy noble, dedicated to poverty c. Received the signs of the cross on his body just before dying
St. Dominic MC a. Started the Dominicans (right around the same time as the fransicans) b. Dedicated to education and learning c. After meeting Francis, Dominic implemented poverty and begging for money as a part of their order
Innocent III MC a. He brought the papacy to the height of its power b. he launched the crusade against the Cathari c. he launched the Fourth Crusade to the Holy Land d. Convened the 4th laterine council
Thomas Aquinas MC a. Greatest scholastic theologian of middle Ages b. His major contribution was wedding Aristotelian philosophy and theology. c. Provided the philosophical girding for transubstantiation
Babylonian Captivity of the Church MC a. 70 year period where the papacy moved to Avignon france b. All the popes were French during this period and seemingly under control of the French king
Great Papal Schism MC a. When there were three popes, first an Italian pope (done under duress), then a French pope, and they were both ousted and a third was named, except all three kept their power
The Fall of Constantinople MC a. 1453, Constantinople fell to the ottomans, ending Christian control of the City for good
Created by: Amerikoni