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Vocabulary of Asia

Religions, Ethnic Groups, and Culture.

TermDefinition
Ethnic Group A community or population made up of people who share a common cultural background or descent.
Religious group A set of individuals whose identity as such is distinctive in terms of common religious creed, beliefs, doctrines, practices, or rituals.
philosophy The study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially when considered as an academic discipline.
Hinduism A major religious and cultural tradition of South Asia, which developed from Vedic religion.
Vedas The most ancient Hindu scriptures, written in early Sanskrit and containing hymns, philosophy, and guidance on ritual for the priests of Vedic religion
Brahman A member of the highest Hindu caste, that of the priesthood.
Reincarnation The rebirth of a soul in a new body.
Karma (in Hinduism and Buddhism) the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences.
Caste system Is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a lifestyle which often includes an occupation, status in a hierarchy, customary social interaction, and exclusion.
Buddhism, Is a tradition that focuses on personal spiritual development.
Four Noble Truths The four central beliefs containing the essence of Buddhist teaching.
nirvana A transcendent state in which there is neither suffering, desire, nor sense of self, and the subject is released from the effects of karma and the cycle of death and rebirth.
Middle Way, A policy or course of action which avoids extremes.
Tripitaka The discourses of the Buddha, collected in the first century and arranged into the three divisions of sermons, monastic law, and metaphysics. Only the compilation of the Theravada school, written in Pali, survives in its entirety.
Mahayana Sutras Are a broad genre of Buddhist scriptures that various traditions of Mahayana Buddhism accept as canonical. They are largely preserved in the Chinese Buddhist canon, the Tibetan Buddhist canon, and in extant Sanskrit manuscripts
Shinto A Japanese religion dating from the early 8th century and incorporating the worship of ancestors and nature spirits and a belief in sacred power ( kami ) in both animate and inanimate things. It was the state religion of Japan until 1945.
kami A divine being in the Shinto religion.
Confucianism Is described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life.
Golden Rule of Behavior Is the principle of treating others as one's self would wish to be treated. It is a maxim that is found in many religions and cultures. Also can be considered an ethic of reciprocity in some religions, although other religions treat it differently.
subcontinent A large, distinguishable part of a continent, such as North America or southern Africa.
Tectonic Plate A separate area of Earth’s crust
Archipelago A group of islands.
Peninsula A piece of land almost surrounded by water or projecting out into a body of water.
Created by: Tere_Torres
 

 



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