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Section 2

Southern and Eastern Asia

Ethnic Group A group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been part of their community for generations.
Religious Group a group of people who share a belief system in a god or gods, with a specific set of rituals and literature.
Philosophy an ethical system based on good deeds and morality.
Hinduism One of the oldest religions in the world; it developed in India as a result of the Aryan invasion around 1500 BC
Vedas Complicated rituals and hymns that Aryan priests followed in Hinduism.
Brahman A supreme spirit in Hinduism; a "universal spirit."
Reincarnation the belief that, when a person dies, his or her soul is reborn into the body of another person or animal.
Karma the belief that your actions determine your fate in your next life.
caste system a system of social classes in India that are inherited and cannot be changed.
Buddhism a religion that was founded in South Asia around 500 BC by Prince Siddhartha Gautama, who became known as Buddha.
Four Noble Truths the central teaching of Buddhism.
Nirvana a state of perfect peace.
Middle Way a philosophy of Buddhism that contains the Eightfold Path--eight rules of conduct.
Tripitaka one of the texts of Buddhism.
Mahayana Sutras one of the texts of Buddhism
Shinto a religion unique to Japan whose name means "the way of the gods; its main belief is reverence for the kami.
Kami spirits that Shinto followers believe live in nature.
Confuciansim a philosophy created by the Chinese scholar Confucius.
Golden Rule of Behavior Confucius's rule that said you should treat others as you would want to be treated
Created by: hbkluhman



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