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|When one person has total power, usually supported by the military (Sudan)?
|Where citizens elect representatives?
|Where citizens have power to elect leaders to a parliament, the parliament then selects the head of government president or prime minister?
|When you don't have any money to buy basic supplies.
|What type of government does Kenya have?
|Constitutional Republic (presidential democracy)
|What type of government does South Africa have? Republic
|Republic (parliamentary democracy)
|Who leads the countries of Kenya and South Africa?
|Both countries are led by presidents.
|How are the Republic of South Africa and the Republic of Kenya different?
|South Africa has a parliamentary democracy with a president selected by the National Assembly and Kenya has a presidential democracy with a president elected by the people.
|Why has it been hard to create stable governments in Africa?
|Civil wars, the fact that colonial borders grouped different religious and ethnic groups together in the same colony. The borders did not change after independence. Government corruption.
|What is famine?
|When there is a chronic shortage of food, little to no food in a region for a long time.
|What causes famine?
|climate change, political instability, and civil war sub-Saharan Africa
|Which part of Africa is at the highest risk for famine?
|Why is the HIV/AIDS infection rate so high in Sub-Saharan Africa? Why is it hard to combat HIV/AIDS in Africa?
|Lack of funding for education, prevention programs, and diagnosis. Lack of funding for education and prevention programs; government instability, high costs of HIV drugs.
|Compare and contrast educational opportunities in Kenya and Sudan. How are they similar? How are they different?
|Kenya has better educational opportunities than Sudan. In both countries, boys are more likely to attend school than girls. Free primary education, but secondary education must be paid for.