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Government Vocab

TermDefinition
Order and Security Having procedures and laws that are effective and enforced to make sure people are safe and law enforcement can do their job.
Legitimacy The laws and rules of government meet the needs of the people of the country, are fair and reasonable and have been approved by the people/representatives and/or the states. Therefore, they are respected.
Checks and Balances Each branch is not independent from the other branches. Power is not necessarily divided but different can have power over the other branches.
Equal Application of the Law Everyone must obey the law and must be treated the same no matter wealth, power, race, religion, sex etc.
Procedural Fairness The rules and procedures must be spelled out and followed the same for everyone.
Access to Justice Education and wealth should not impact justice.
Popular Sovereignty - Government gets its authority from the people - People have the right to change/abolish their government
Limited Government - Government only has the powers listed in the Constitution - Even the President must obey the law
Separation of Powers - Government is divided into 3 branches - Executive (headed by President) carries out the laws - Legislative (Congress) makes the laws - Judicial (courts) explains and interprets the laws
Checks and Balances - Safeguard against the abuse of power by any branch - Each branch has the power to limit the actions of the others: - Example: President can Veto a Congressional Bill - Example: Congress can impeach the President
Federalism Division of power between federal (national) government and the states.
Republicanism Citizens elect representatives to act on their behalf in government. However, once in office, representatives vote according to their own judgment, but must listen to the opinions of the people they represent.
Individual Rights Bill of Rights established the protection of individual rights such as freedom of speech, religion, right to a trial by jury, etc.
Created by: jdg33
 

 



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