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Pre-Rev Test Prep

QuestionAnswer
Continental Army The official army of the colonies, created by second continental congress and led by George Washington
General Gage British general in early part of war; won Bunker Hill
Battle of Bunker Hill First major battle of the Revolutions. It showed that the Americans could hold their own, but the British were also not easy to defeat. Ultimately, the Americans were forced to withdraw after running out of ammunition, and Bunker Hill was in British hands
Dessertion To leave one's military post, or to run away from battle, often punishable by death.
George Washington Commander of the Continental Army
Knox Trail A trail followed by Henry Knox and the ox used to pull the cannon from Ft. Ticonderoga to Boston
General Howe British commander-in-chief of all forces in the Revolutionary War.
Fort Ticonderoga patriots led by Ethan Allen surprise an outpost on Lake Champlain and capture cannon for the Americans
Thomas Paine Author of Common Sense
Olive Branch Petition On July 8, 1775, the colonies made a final offer of peace to Britain, agreeing to be loyal to the British government if it addressed their grievances (repealed the Coercive Acts, ended the taxation without representation policies). It was rejected by Parl
King George III King of England during the American Revolution
Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration of Independence
Ben Franklin American patriot, writer, printer, and inventor. During the Revolutionary War he persuaded the French to help the colonists.
treason Betrayal of one's country
Parliament the lawmaking body of British government
Patriot American colonist who favored American independence
Loyalist American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Mercenary Fights in a foreign army for pay not for loyalty
Hessians German soldiers hired by George III to smash Colonial rebellion, proved good in mechanical sense but they were more concerned about money than duty.
abstains to choose not to cast a vote on a bill
Richard Henry Lee Member of the Second Continental Congress who urged Congress to support independence; signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Committee of Five Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Robert Livingston, Roger Sherman
Declaration of Independence the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
grievance injustice; complaint
Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness the 3 Unalienable Rights that were listed in the Declaration that all humans receive from birth
Crispus Attucks Killed in Boston Massacre, black laborer, only African-American person killed in Boston Massacre
Sam Adams Leader of the Sons of Liberty
Patrick Henry "Give me liberty or give me death"
Stamp Act of 1765 Placed a tax on almost all printed materials in the colonies
Sons of Liberty secret society formed to oppose British policies
Tory/Loyalist American colonist who remained on England's side during the Revolution.
Lexington and Concord the first battle of the American Revolution (April 19, 1775)
Common Sense A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
Fence Sitters colonists who had not made up their minds about independence
Taxation without representation is tyranny James Otis
"Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes" Battle of Bunker Hill
Henry Knox Organized the move of cannon from Ticonderoga
Fort Niagara British base for Haudenosaunee/Loyalist raids
Who fired the first shot at Lexington? No one knows
Proclamation of 1763 A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
Created by: lcuso9